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Title: The Neural Basis of the Complex Mental Task of Meditation: Neurotransmitter and Neurochemical Considerations
Language of title: English
Author/Creator: J. Iversen
A. Newberg

Description: Meditation is a complex mental process involving changes in cognition, sensory perception, affect, hormones, and autonomic activity. Meditation has also become widely used in psychological and medical practices for stress management as well as a variety of physical and mental disorders. However, until now, there has been limited understanding of the overall biological mechanism of these practices in terms of the effects in both the brain and body. We have previously described a rudimentary neuropsychological model to explain the brain mechanisms underlying meditative experiences. This paper provides a substantial development by integrating neurotransmitter systems and the results of recent brain imaging advances into the model. The following is a review and synthesis of the current literature regarding the various neurophysiological mechanisms and neurochemical substrates that underlie the complex processes of meditation. It is hoped that this model will provide hypotheses for future biological and clinical studies of meditation.

Publisher Place: New York, NY
Publisher: Elsevier
Churchill Livingstone Inc.
Normalized publisher place: New York, NY
Publisher country: United States
Published Date: 2003-08
URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0306-9877(03)00175-0
Subject: Meditation research
Prefrontal cortex
Brain activity
Brain imaging
Autonomic nervous system
Parietal lobe
Kundalini yoga
Classification: Buddhism and Science -- International Science -- Neuroscience -- Cognitive Neuroscience
Buddhism and Science -- Medicine -- International Medicine -- Clinical Studies on Meditation
Buddhism and Science -- International Science -- Neuroscience -- Brain Imaging -- Meditation Studies
Cultural Coverage: United States
Temporal coverage: 21st century CE
Language: English
Interface Language: English
Source URL: http://www.harcourt-international.com/journals/mehy/
Source: Medical Hypotheses
Source Type: Journal
Source Volume: 61
Source Number: 2
Source Page Numbers: 282-291
Start Date: 1975
Frequency of publication: Monthly
Submissions: Guide for authors
ISBN/ISSN: 0306-9877
Location and access number: 12888320

Means of availability: Copies of this article are available online and in print by subscription. Check with library or see the journal's webpage for more information.

Format: Online resource
Print media (print or manuscript, including PDFs)
Media type: Text
Resource Type: Article
Digital Encoding: html
Reader Rating: useful
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Date Of Record Creation: 2005-03-25 14:30:30
Date Record Checked: 2005-03-28
Date Last Modified: 2006-05-15 16:48:48
Cumulative Rating: this resource has a 1 star rating
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