Tibetan and Himalayan Library - THL

THL Title Text
A Survey of Bonpo Monasteries
by Dondrup Lhagyal, Phuntso Tsering Sharyul, Tsering Thar, Charles Ramble and Marietta Kind
Edited by Samten G. Karmay and Yasuhiko Nagano
National Museum of Ethnology and THL
Reproduced with permission from the authors
under the THL Digital Text License.

Bonpo temples in sTong che

(132) Dung dkar Monastery

1. Name

The monastery’s full name is Dung dkar smin grol gling and derives from its location at the foot of Mount Dung dkar lha gnyan dkar po which is believed to be the abode of the deity A myes Dung dkar.

2. Location

The monastery is located 20 km north of Chab cha town in Ur rti Township in Gong he county, mTsho lho prefecture in Qinghai province.

3. History

In the early 20th century there were two Bonpo hermits of unknown origin, living in two caves on Mount Dung dkar lha gnyan dkar po. There were also four monks from Tsha kho, rGyal rong living in the same place as those of the hermits. gYung drung rgyal mtshan and gYung drung, two of the four monks were known as the dGe slong rnam gnyis. These monks from Tsha kho and and another two monks Tshul khrims bstan ’dzin (from Che rje sTong skor) and dPal mchog from Khyung mo Monastery (No.123) decided to set up a monastery together. Tshul khrims bstan ’dzin, who had stayed at sTeng chen Monastery (No.139) asked his master bZod pa rgya mtsho which of the three following sites: Hi la wor in sTong che (in Khri ka), Mo we (in Che rje) or Dung dkar (in Chab cha), would be the best location for a new monastery. The master immediately and without hesitating selected Dung dkar. The monks then requested bSod nams g-yung drung dbang rgyal, a famous Bonpo master from Ba yan to assist and guide them in their task. As a result, bSod nams g-yung drung dbang rgyal and the four monks are regarded as the founders of Dung dkar Monastery. I had the opportunity to visit dPal mchog, one of the four monks, in the late nineteen-seventies shortly before his death. According to bsTan ’dzin (b. n 1930), the head of the monastery whom I interviewed, the monastery was founded around 1940. A new small assembly hall was rebuilt in 1982. The present hall was built in 1992 by Tulku Tshul khrims of Ba yan,.

4. Hierarchical system

  • one sprul sku
  • one dbu mdzad
  • one dge skos
  • one spyi gnyer
  • one mchod dpon

Their terms of office are not fixed. The present head of the monastery is Tulku bsTan ’dzin dbang rgyal.

5. Current number of monks

At present there are twenty-eight monks living in the monstery.

6. Current eduction

The younger monks are taught by the elder monks and also go to Bon brgya Monastery in Reb gong to receive further teachings from Bon brgya Tulku.

7. Educational exchange

Since several of the founders came from Khyung mo Monastery (No.123), many of the monastery’s practices were borrowed from Khyung mo Monastery’s tradition. At present, however, the monastery has closer ties with Bon brgya Monastery (No.180) in Reb gong.

8 / 9. Rituals

  • 1st month: the Klong rgyas ritual from the 4th to the 6th days
  • 3rd month: performance of the ritual based on the Yi dam kun ’dus from the 13th to 17th days
  • 4th month: performance of the rNam rgyal stong mchod ritual from the 3rd to 8th days
  • 5th month: performance of the ritual base on the rTsa gsum from the 13th to the 15th days
  • 6th month: the dbyar gnas retreat from the 13th to the 19th days
  • 9th month: performance of the gNas brtan stong mchod ritual from the 22nd to the 27th days
  • 10th month: performance of the Nyag bla ritual from the 13th to the 17th days

10. Books held in the monastery

The monastery has one copy of the Bon po bKa’ ’gyur; the complete works of mNyam med Shes rab rgyal mtshan and Shar rdza bKra shis rgyal mtshan, and various tantric texts.

12. Local community

As the lha sde of the monastery, there are three villages: Ur rti with 30 families which belong to Ur rti Township in Gong he County, rKa gsar with 50 families which belong to Chab cha Township of Gong he County, and thirteen families of the Khu sgyu’u tribe in The ge Township in Gong he county.

13. Local festivals

The Dung dkar la btsas, situated on top of Mount Dung dkar, behind the monastery, is renewed on the 1st day of the sixth month.

Source

(1) Interviews

In autumn of 1996 with bsTan ’dzin was about 65 years old, a monk of the monastery

/bonpo-monasteries/b6-4-6/

Note Citation for Page

Dondrup Lhagyal, Phuntso Tsering Sharyul, Tsering Thar, Charles Ramble, and Marietta Kind, A Survey of Bonpo Monasteries and Temples in Tibet and the Himalaya (Osaka: National Museum of Ethnology, 2003), .

Bibliographic Citation

Dondrup Lhagyal, Phuntso Tsering Sharyul, Tsering Thar, Charles Ramble, and Marietta Kind. A Survey of Bonpo Monasteries and Temples in Tibet and the Himalaya. Osaka: National Museum of Ethnology, 2003.