Tibetan and Himalayan Library - THL

THL Title Text
A Survey of Bonpo Monasteries
by Dondrup Lhagyal, Phuntso Tsering Sharyul, Tsering Thar, Charles Ramble and Marietta Kind
Edited by Samten G. Karmay and Yasuhiko Nagano
National Museum of Ethnology and THL
Reproduced with permission from the authors
under the THL Digital Text License.

Reb gong

(111) Khyung bo thang Temple

1. Name

gSas khang Khyung dkar smin grol rig ’dzin gling

2. Location

Khyung bo thang sMad pa village (latitude: 35°39’90”N, longitude: 102°04’29”E)

5. Number of practitioners

There are one hundred and forty Bonpo tantric practitioners in the temple.

8 / 9. Rituals

Kun bzang and Tshe dbang alternately on the 10th day of each month. Kun bzang and dBal gsas from the 21st to the 30th day of the 1st month. Kun bzang, dBal gsas and Khro bo from the 21st to the 30th day of the 3rd month. mKha’ ’gro gsang bcod from the 15th to the 16th day of the 4th month. Kun bzang and ’Bum pa from the 5th to the 10th day of the 5th month. Kun bzang and sTag la from the 16th to the 21st day of the 11th month. Kun bzang, Tshe dbang, ’Bum pa and sTag la from the 20th to the 30th day of the 12th month.

12. Local community

There are two main villages, Gong skor and Phyi skor. The former comprises the following sub-villages: sTag a ’bum with seventeen families, Bonpo with twenty families, and dPon skor with ten families, and the latter mKhar sgo gong ma with twenty families, mKhar sgo zhol ma with ten families and lTag kha with fifteen families. These villages are considered as the lha sde of the temple.

13. Local Festivals

The la btsas is dedicated to the local deity dMag dpon dGra ’dul thogs med rtsal. It is a common la btsas for both Bonpo and Buddhists. Built according to instructions given by Bon brgya Trulku. It is located 1 km from the temple and propitiated on the 9th day of the 4th month. The la btsas of the local deity sTag shar on top of sTag shar sgang hill, which is the rgyab ri of the temple. It is 13 km from the temple and propitiated exclusively by Phyi skor village on the 11th day of the 2nd month. The la btsas of the local deity Bya khyung is located at the top of one of the three peaks known as ’Khyams tho spun gsum, the three ’Khyams tho brothers, around 67 km from the temple and propitiated on the 4th day of the 5th month.

There is another type of la btsas made of stones (rdo ’bum), associated with Phun tshogs bla ma. It is 3 km from the temple and is propitiated by Gong skor village only on the 18th day of the 2nd month.

14. Economic occupation of the local people

Agriculture

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Note Citation for Page

Dondrup Lhagyal, Phuntso Tsering Sharyul, Tsering Thar, Charles Ramble, and Marietta Kind, A Survey of Bonpo Monasteries and Temples in Tibet and the Himalaya (Osaka: National Museum of Ethnology, 2003), .

Bibliographic Citation

Dondrup Lhagyal, Phuntso Tsering Sharyul, Tsering Thar, Charles Ramble, and Marietta Kind. A Survey of Bonpo Monasteries and Temples in Tibet and the Himalaya. Osaka: National Museum of Ethnology, 2003.