Tibetan and Himalayan Library - THL

THL Title Text
Tibetan Buddhism at Wutai Shan in the Qing
Gray Tuttle, Columbia University
JIATS, no. 6 (December 2011), THL #T5721, pp. 163-214
Section 10 of 10 (pp. 194-196)

Appendix 3: Tibetan Titles/Names for Qing Emperors (phonetics underlined)

Title Tibetan title (with Chinese pinyin for underlined phonetics) Source
0) Nurhaci (r. 1559-1626) TaitsuTha’i tsu (Taizu, 太宗) Dharmatāla 1889, 483146
1) Hungtaiji (皇太極, r. 1627-1644) Sechen GyelpoSe chen rgyal po Dznyana ShrimanDznyā na shrī man (post-1827), 136
TetsungTha’i tsung (Taizong, 太宗) Dharmatāla 1889, 483
2) Shunzhi (順治, r. 1644-1661) Toknamgyi LhaThog gnam gyi lha ShüntsiShun tsi GyelpoRgyal po (Shunzhi) Fifth Dalai Lama biography, vol. 2, 389
ShüntsiShun tsis (Shunzhi) 1831 Gazetteer, 204
Shitsu HwangtiShi tsu hwang ti (Shizu Huangdi, 世祖皇帝) Dznyana ShrimanDznyā na shrī man (post-1827), 177
ShitsuShi tsu Nangdzé GyelpoSnang mdzad rgyal po (Shizu) Dznyana ShrimanDznyā na shrī man (post-1827), 133
GongmaGong ma ShündriShun dri GyelpoRgyal po (Shunzhi) 1881 Skum ’bum dkar chag, 282
Gongma Dakpo Tapkyong GyelpoGong ma bdag po thabs skyong rgyal po 1881 Skum ’bum dkar chag, 283
ZhitsugiZhi tsu gi Gulaksé Hungdhi Eyeber JasakchiGu lag sad hung dhi e ye ber ja sag chi (Shizu) Dharmatāla 1889, 483
3) Kangxi (r. 1661-1722) KangshiKang shi (Kangxi) 1831 Gazetteer (ChanglungLcang lung), 204
Dekyi (Gong[ma])Bde skyid (gong [ma]) 1831 Gazetteer (ChanglungLcang lung), 204-205
Gyelpo DekyiRgyal po bde skyid Dznyana ShrimanDznyā na shrī man (post-1827), 179
Dönka GyelpoSdon ka rgyal po Dznyana ShrimanDznyā na shrī man (post-1827), 133
DekyiBde skyid Yeshé DöndrupYe shes don grub (1813), 8a
[page 195]
Shingtsu Zhing HwangdhiShīng tsu zhing hwāng dhi (Shengzu Ren Huangdi, 圣祖仁皇帝) Yeshé DöndrupYe shes don grub (1813), 8a
Zhingtsu KhangzhiZhing tsu khang zhi Dekyi GyelpoBde skyid rgyal po (Shenzu Kangxi, 圣祖康熙) Dharmatāla 1889, 483
4) Yongzheng (雍正, r. 1723-1736) YungzingYung zing (Yongzheng) 1831 Gazetteer (ChanglungLcang lung), 205
Shitsung YungtingṢhi tsung yung ting DakpoBdag po (Shizong Yongzheng, 世宗雍正) Dharmatāla 1889, 483
5) Qianlong (乾隆, r. 1736-1796) Namkyong GyelpoGnam skyong rgyal po Dznyana ShrimanDznyā na shrī man (post-1827), 183
Lhekyong Dakpo ChenpoLhas skyong bdag po chen po 1831 Gazetteer (ChanglungLcang lung), 205
Lhakyong GyelpoLha skyong gyal po Das dictionary (1902), 229
ChenlungChen lung GyelpoRgyal po (Qianlong) Das dictionary (1902), 229
Kotsung HwangdhiKo’o tsung hwāng dhi Namkyong GyelpoGnam skyong rgyal po (Gaozong Huangdi, 高宗皇帝) Yeshé DöndrupYe shes don grub (1813), 8a
ChinlungChīn lung Namkyong Chökyi GyelpoGnam skyong chos kyi rgyal po (Qianlong) Dharmatāla 1889, 483
6) Jiaqing (嘉慶, r. 1796-1820) Ngakmön ZhapBsngags smon zhabs 1831 Gazetteer (ChanglungLcang lung), 205
Ngakmön GyelpoBsngags smon rgyal po Dznyana ShrimanDznyā na shrī man (post-1827), 184
GyachingGyā ching (Jiaqing) Dznyana ShrimanDznyā na shrī man (post-1827), 188
ZhintsungZhin tsung Ngakmön GyelpoBsngags smon rgyal po (Renzong, 仁宗) Dharmatāla 1889, 483
7) Daoguang (道光, r. 1821-1851) Sinang GyelpoSrid snang rgyal po 1831 Gazetteer (ChanglungLcang lung), 205
Namgyi Lha Jamyang GongmaGnam gyi lha ’jam dbyangs gong ma TaugwanTa’u gwan (Taoguang) 1831 Gazetteer (ChanglungLcang lung), 208
Sriö Gyelposrid ’od rgyal po Dznyana ShrimanDznyā na shrī man (post-1827), 185, 191
Nyingzong Sisel GyelpoNying zong srid gsal rgyal po Dharmatāla 1889, 483
8) Xianfeng (咸豐, r. 1851-1862, r. 1851-1862) Shentung Sakyong GyelpoShen tung sa skyong rgyal po Dharmatāla 1889, 483147
[page 196]
9) Tongzhi (同治, r. 1862-1875) TungchiṬhung cī Ye (Tongzhi) Dharmatāla 1889, 483.
10) Guangxu (光緒, r. 1875-1908) KwongshüKwong shu’i Ye (Guangxu) Dharmatāla 1889, 483.
11) Xuantong (宣統, r. 1909-1912; remained in imperial city with state stipend until 1924, later puppet ruler of Manchukuo) Jamyang Gongma Chenpo’Jam dbang gong ma chen po ShöntongShon thong (Xuantong) Secret Scriptures148

[146] Damchø Gyatsho Dharmatāla, Rosary of White Lotuses: Being the Clear Account of How the Precious Teaching of Buddha Appeared and Spread in the Great Hor Country, translated and annotated by Piotr Klafkowski (Wiesbaden: O. Harrassowitz, 1987 [1889]). The Table on page 483 of this work presents a list of all the Manchu rulers from Nurhaci (r. 1559-1626) to the Guangxu emperor (光緒, Kwongshukwong shu, r. 1875-1908), reproduced here for convenience and comparison with earlier names.
[147] Information on the Xianfeng, Tongzhi (同治, Tungchi Yéthung cī ye, r. 1862-1875), and Guangxu emperors’ names is drawn from Dharmatāla, Rosary of White Lotuses. The Table on page 483 of this work presents a list of all the Manchu rulers from Nurhaci (r. 1559-1626) to the Guangxu emperor.
[148] Lü Xiegang, Zangmi xuifa midian (Beijing: Huaxia chubanshe, 1996), vol. 5, 351-53.

Note Citation for Page

Gray Tuttle, “Tibetan Buddhism at Wutai Shan in the Qing: The Chinese-language Register,” Journal of the International Association of Tibetan Studies, no. 6 (December 2011): , http://www.thlib.org?tid=T5721 (accessed ).

Note Citation for Whole Article

Gray Tuttle, “Tibetan Buddhism at Wutai Shan in the Qing: The Chinese-language Register,” Journal of the International Association of Tibetan Studies, no. 6 (December 2011): 163-214, http://www.thlib.org?tid=T5721 (accessed ).

Bibliography Citation

Tuttle, Gray. “Tibetan Buddhism at Wutai Shan in the Qing: The Chinese-language Register.” Journal of the International Association of Tibetan Studies, no. 6 (December 2011): 163-214. http://www.thlib.org?tid=T5721 (accessed ).