Tibetan and Himalayan Library - THL

THL Title Text
Tibetan Poetry on Wutai Shan
Kurtis R. Schaeffer, University of Virginia
JIATS, no. 6 (December 2011), THL #T5719, pp. 215-242
Notes

Notes

[1] I would like to express my warm thanks to Paul Nietupski and Gray Tuttle for generously sharing their research with me as I wrote this essay.
[2] Pakpa Lodrö Gyeltsen’Phags pa blo gros rgyal mtshan, Jamyangla Riwo Tsengar Töpa Norbü Trengwa’Jam dbyangs la ri bo rtse lngar bstod pa nor bu’i phreng ba, in Sakya KambumSa skya bka’ ’bum, vol. 15 (DegéSde dge: Sde dge par khang), 226.3-237. At Five-Peaked Mountain he also composed the Jampella Tsendöngyi Goné Töpa’Jam dpal la mtshan don gyi sgo nas bstod pa (see Sakya KambumSa skya bka’ ’bum, vol. 15, 219-22) and the Jampella Nyewar Ngakpa Metokgi Trengwa’Jam dpal la nye bar bsngags pa me tog gi phreng ba (see Sakya KambumSa skya bka’ ’bum, vol. 15, 222-26).
[3] O rgya gling pa, Pema KatangPadma bka’ thang (Chengdu: Si khron mi rigs dpe skrun khang, 1988), 222-24.
[4] Rongtön Sheja KünrikRong ston shes bya kun rig, Riwotse Ngala Töpa Püljung DrayangRi bo rtse lnga la bstod pa phul byung sgra dbyangs [Praise of Five-Peaked Mountain], in SungbumGsung ’bum vol. 1 (JyegundoSkye dgu mdo: Gangs ljongs rig rgyan gsung rab par khang, 2004), 119. Colophon: 119.6: ces rgya nag ri bo rtse lnga la bstod pa rong ston chen pos dpal nā lendra’i dgon par sbyar ba’o //.
[5] In Dznyana ShrimenDznyā na shrī man (Yeshé PendenYe shes dpal ldan, mid-nineteenth c.), Riwo Tsengé Karchak Rapsel MelongRi bo rtse lnga’i dkar chag rab gsal me long (Xining: Mtsho sngon mi rigs dpe skrun khang, 1994), 17 (six lines), 23 (four lines), 100 (four lines), 139 (115 lines), 160 (sixty-one lines), 193 (twenty-eight lines), 208 (thirteen lines). The Ornament for the Peaks was still extant when Drakkarpa Könchok Tenpa RapgyéBrag dkar pa dkon mchog bstan pa rab rgyas wrote his massive history of AmdoA mdo in the 1850s and early 60s, in which it is referred to as Tsengé Köpa Selwar Jepa Lhünpö Gyenjang Zhönjawé DzepaRtse lnga’i bkod pa gsal bar byed pa lhun po’i rgyan byang gzhon bya bas mdzad pa.
[6] Tukwan Chökyi NyimaThu’u bkwan chos kyi nyi ma (1737-1802), Khyab bdag rdo rje sems dpa’i ngo bo dpal ldan bla ma dam pa ye shes bstan pa’i sgron me dpal bzang po’i rnam par thar pa mdo tsam brjod pa dge ldan bstan pa’i mdzes rgyan, Cover title: Changja Rölpé Dorjé NamtarLcang skya rol pa’i rdo rje’i rnam thar (Lanzhou: Kan su’u mi rigs dpe skrun khang, 1989), 504.16-510.10. In addition to the translation of select verses offered below, this poem has been translated in full in Marina Illich, Selections from the Life of a Tibetan Buddhist Polymath: Chankya Rolpe Dorje (lcang skya rol pa’i rdo rje), 1717-1786 (New York, NY: Columbia University, Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, 2006), 520-30.
[7] Sumpa Khenpo Yeshé PeljorSum pa mkhan po ye shes dpal ’byor, Pendita Sumpa Yeshé Penjor Chokgi Chötsül Jöpa Dradzin ChülenPaṇḍita sum pa ye shes dpal ’byor mchog gi spyod tshul brjod pa sgra ’dzin bcud len (Beijing: Krung go’i bod kyi shes rig dpe skrun khang, 2001) 442.12-443.9.
[8] In Gungtang Tenpé DrönméGung thang bstan pa’i sgron me, Tukwan Chökyi Nyimé Tokjö Pema KarpoThu’u bkwan chos kyi nyi ma’i rtogs brjod padma dkar po, vol. 1 (Lanzhou: Kan su’u mi rigs dpe skrun khang, 1992), 410.11-413.5.
[9] Gyelwang Khen Drakpa GyeltsenRgyal dbang mkhan grags pa rgyal mtshan, Riwo Tsengé Netö Tsangpé DrayangRi bo rtse lnga’i gnas bstod tshangs pa’i sgra dbyangs [Brahma’s Melody: A Place-Praise of Five-Peaked Mountain], in SungbumGsung ’bum, vol. 4 (Labrang Monastery: Bla brang par khang, 2000).
[10] Aja Yongdzin Yangchen Gawé LodröA kya yongs ’dzin dbyangs can dga’ ba’i blo gros, Nechok Riwo Tsengar Jelkapkyi Netö dang Drelwé Gur Jampel Gyepé Chötrin Zhejawa dang Düchen Khyeparchengyi NamshéGnas mchog ri bo rtse lngar mjal skabs kyi gnas bstod dang ’brel ba’i mgur ’jam dpal dgyes pa’i mchod sprin zhes bya ba dang dus chen khyad par can gyi rnam bshad, in SungbumGsung ’bum, vol. 2 (KumbumSku ’bum: Sku ’bum par khang, 199?), 4 folios.
[11] Alaksha Tutop NyimaA lag sha mthu stobs nyi ma, Trülpé Nechok Riwo Dang Silgyi Netö Söldep MöntsikchéSprul pa’i gnas mchog ri bo dwangs bsil gyi gnas bstod gsol ’debs smon tshigs bcas (Publication information not available), 3 folios.
[12] Yeshé DöndrupYe shes don grub and Alaksha Ngawang TendarA lag sha ngag dbang bstan dar, Riwodang Silgyi Jampel Tsendenlinggi Tsarduk Kunyengyi Logyü Kortsé Dangchepa Deden Kyewö Trokyö Metok TrengdzéRi bo dwangs bsil gyi ’jam dpal mtshan ldan gling gi mtshar sdug sku brnyan gyi lo rgyus bskor tshad dang bcas pa dad ldan skye bo’i spro bskyod me tog ’phreng mdzes [A Beautiful Garland to Rouse the Faithful: A History and Circumambulation Survey of the Fine Statue in the Sandalwood Mañjuśrī Temple of Mount Clear and Cool]. See Tuttle in this issue for further information on this work: Gray Tuttle, “Tibetan Buddhism at Wutai Shan in the Qing: The Chinese-language Register,” Journal of the International Association of Tibetan Studies, no. 6 (December 2011), http://www.thlib.org?tid=T5721.
[13] Dznyana ShrimenDznyā na shrī man, Riwo Tsengé Karchak Rapsel MelongRi bo rtse lnga’i dkar chag rab gsal me long (Xining: Mtsho sngon mi rigs dpe skrun khang, 1994), 1-212.
[14] True to his name, Sangda DorjéGsang bdag rdo rje, which might be translated as “Secret Vajra,” is the most illusive of the poets. Several of his works are appended to Yeshé PendenYe shes dpal ldan’s guidebook, and thus we can presume that he was active around 1830. His praise poem entitled Riwo Tsengé Chakchö Jamyang Nyejé Künzang ChötrinRi bo rtse lnga’i phyag mchod ’jam dbyangs mnyes byed kun bzang mchod sprin [Veneration of Five-Peaked Mountain: Samantabhadra’s Cloud of Offerings for Adoration of Mañjuśrī] (in Dznyana ShrimenDznyā na shrī man, Riwo Tsengé Karchak Rapsel MelongRi bo rtse lnga’i dkar chag rab gsal me long, 212.13-219.5) consists of forty-five verses. This figure also wrote Jetsün Jampelgyi Lhatsoknamla Sangchö Bül Tsül Dö KündrupRje btsun ’jam dpal gyi lha tshogs rnams la bsang mchod ’bul tshul ’dod kun ’grub (in Dznyana ShrimenDznyā na shrī man, Riwo Tsengé Karchak Rapsel MelongRi bo rtse lnga’i dkar chag rab gsal me long, 220.13-221.18) and Jetsün Jampeyangkyi Dösöl Mönlam Dangchepa Sherap NyurtsölRje btsun ’jam pa’i dbyangs kyi ’dod gsol smon lam dang bcas pa shes rab myur stsol, (in Dznyana ShrimenDznyā na shrī man, Riwo Tsengé Karchak Rapsel MelongRi bo rtse lnga’i dkar chag rab gsal me long, 221.19-223.10).
[15] Kangyurwa Lozang TsültrimBka’ ’gyur ba blo bzang tshul khrims, Riwo Tsengé NetöRi bo rtse lnga’i gnas bstod, Unpublished.
[16] Jikmé Trinlé Gyatso’Jigs med phrin las rgya mtsho, Zhaser Ringlukpa Kelzang Tupten Wangchukgi Tokpa Jöpa Rinchen Trengwa TöchaZhwa ser ring lugs pa skal bzang thub bstan dbang phyug gi rtogs pa brjod pa rin chen phreng ba stod cha (Labrang Monastery: Bla brang bkra shis ’khyil dgon pa, 1999?), 217a.3-218a.5, and 219b.5-221a.1.
[17] Tupten GyatsoThub bstan rgya mtsho, Jetsün Jampé Yangkyi Nela Töpadang Seldzepé MélongRje btsun ’jam pa’i dbyangs kyi gnas la bstod pa dwangs gsal mdzes pa’i me long [Beautiful Clear Mirror: A Praise to Lord Mañjughoṣa’s Abode], in The Collected Works of Dalai Lama XIII (New Delhi: International Academy of Indian Culture, 1981), volume 3, 395.1-404.2. The Dalai Lama also composed Gyelwa Küngyi Yapgyur Jetsün Jamyang Rikngé Töpa Küntu Zangpö ChötrinRgyal ba kun gyi yab gyur rje btsun ’jam dbyangs rigs lnga’i bstod pa kun tu bzang po’i mchod sprin, in The Collected Works of Dalai Lama XIII (New Delhi: International Academy of Indian Culture, 1981), 392.1-394.7.
[18] Upon reaching the mountain complex in the summer of 1925, the Penchen LamaPaṇ chen bla ma IX composed the Jetsün Jampelyangla Sölwadeppé Dentsik Tukjé Külwé PonyaRje btsun ’jam dpal dbyangs la gsol ba ’debs pa’i bden tshig thugs rje bskul ba’i pho nya (see the biography: Jamyang Zhepa’Jam dbyangs bzhad pa V, Lozang Jamyang Yeshé Tenpé GyeltsenBlo bzang ’jam dbyangs ye shes bstan pa’i rgyal mtshan [1916-1947], Kyapgön Tamché Khyenpa Lozang Tupten Chökyi Nyima Gelek Namgyel Pelzangpö Zhelnganekyi Tünmongwé Nampar Tarpa Rinchen Wanggi Gyelpö Trengwa Zhejawé MechaSkyabs mgon thams cad mkhyen pa blo bzang thub bstan chos kyi nyi ma dge legs rnam rgyal dpal bzang po’i zhal snga nas kyi thun mong ba’i rnam par thar pa rin chen dbang gi rgyal po’i ’phreng ba zhes bya ba’i smad cha, in SungbumGsung ’bum [of Penchen LamaPaṇ chen bla ma IX, Tupten Chökyi NyimaThub bstan chos kyi nyi ma] [Trashi LhünpoBkra shis lhun po: Bkra shis lhun po’i gzhung, 199?], vol. 2, 77a.2-77a.3). See also his Riwo Dangsildu Mönlam Kapnyen Kurmang Gyétselwé ChetraRi bo dwangs bsil du smon lam skabs bsnyen bkur mang ’gyed stsal ba’i dpyad khra, in SungbumGsung ’bum (Trashi LhünpoBkra shis lhun po: Bkra shis lhun po’i gzhung, 199?), vol. 4, 204a-206b.
[19] Lobsang TamdrinBlo bzang rta mgrin, Dakpé Zhingchok Riwo Tsengé Netö Jamyang Chöpé MetokDag pa’i zhing mchog ri bo rtse lnga’i gnas bstod ’jam dbyangs mchod pa’i me tog, in SungbumGsung ’bum (Delhi: Mongolian Guru Deva), vol. 1, 623-25. Colophon on page 625: gnas bstod ’jam dbyangs mchod pa’i me to ’di // shākya’i btsun gzugs blo bzang rta dbyangs kyis // gnas mchog ri bo rtse lngar mjal ba’i skabs // dga’ dang gus pa’i shugs kyi smras pa dge //.
[20] Rdo bis dge bshes shes rab rgya mtsho, Ranggi Gam Namo Ngala Tsengé Netsül Shepa Desum Sobé DütsiRang gi gam na mo lnga la rtse lnga’i gnas tshul bshad pa dad gsum gso ba’i bdud rtsi, in Jetsün Sherap Gyatso Jampel Gyepé Lodrökyi SungtsomRje btsun shes rab rgya mtsho ’jam dpal dgyes pa’i blo gros kyi gsung rtsom (Xining: Mtsho sngon mi rigs dpe skrun khang, 1984), vol. 3, 442-48.
[21] Troru TsenamKhro ru tshe rnam, Nechok Riwo Tsengé Tokpa JöpaGnas mchog ri bo rtse lnga’i rtogs pa brjod pa, in Khenchen Troru Tsenamgyi SungbumMkhan chen khro ru tshe rnam gyi gsung ’bum (Ḷhasa, 2004), vol. 8, 293b-298a.6. Colophon on folio 298a.5: zhes de ltar gnas chen ri bo rtse lnga’i rten dang brten pa’i yon tan cha tsam brjod pa’i sgo nas ’dod yon la smon cing gsol ba gdab pa ’di ni/ rab byung 16 pa’i shing glang zla 3 par ri bo rtse lngar mjal skor ’gro skabs da lta bo ljongs sman rtsis khang gi sman pa khro ru tshe rnam gyis bris pa’o //.
[22] Ngawang TendarNgag dbang bstan dar, Dangsil Riwo Tsengé NeshéDwangs bsil ri bo rtse lnga’i gnas bshad (Beijing: Krung go’i bod rigs dpe skrun khang, 2007).
[23] Sumpa Khenpo Yeshé PeljorSum pa mkhan po ye shes dpal ’byor, Pendita Sumpa Yeshé Penjor Chokgi Chötsül Jöpa Dradzin ChülenPaṇḍita sum pa ye shes dpal ’byor mchog gi spyod tshul brjod pa sgra ’dzin bcud len (Beijing: Krung go’i bod kyi shes rig dpe skrun khang, 2001), 443.5-443.8: zhing ’dir slebs gang shes rab sku dngos dang // mjal dang khyad med skal bzang thob ’di ko // bskal brgyar ’bad pas btsal rnyed mthong thos bsam // dal rten thob pa’i snying po smin mi ci //.
[24] Gungtang Tenpé DrönméGung thang bstan pa’i sgron me, Tukwan Chökyi Nyimé Tokjö Pema KarpoThu’u bkwan chos kyi nyi ma’i rtogs brjod padma dkar po (Lanzhou: Kan su’u mi rigs dpe skrun khang, 1992), vol. 1, 411.5-411.14: dus da lta mkhar sngon zhes grags pa’i // gnas ’di yi shar lho’i mtshams kyi ngos // lha ’jam pa’i dbyangs kyi sprul pa’i gnas // ri dwangs bsil lhun po rtse lnga zhes // dpal shākya’i rgyal pos lung bstan pa’i // gnas ngo mtshar khyad du ’phags pa yod // de’i dbus ri’i ’dab kyi gtsug lag khang // mtshan byang chub sems dpa’i sde? zhes pa’i // phyogs shar ngos rgyang grags tsam gyi sar // sngon slob dpon buddha pā li tas // gzungs gtsug tor rnam rgyal spyan drangs pa’i // gnas rdo rje’i phugs pa zhes bya bar // sprang bdag gi ’dren mchog thams cad mkhyen // mtshan rol pa’i rdo rjer grags pa bzhugs //.
[25] Tukwan Chökyi NyimaThu’u bkwan chos kyi nyi ma, Khyapdak Dorjé Sempé Ngowo Penden Lama Dampa Yeshé Tenpé Drönmé Pelzangpö Nampar Tarpa Dotsam Jöpa Geden Tenpé DzegyenKhyab bdag rdo rje sems dpa’i ngo bo dpal ldan bla ma dam pa ye shes bstan pa’i sgron me dpal bzang po’i rnam par thar pa mdo tsam brjod pa dge ldan bstan pa’i mdzes rgyan [Cover title: Changja Rölpé Dorjé NamtarLcang skya rol pa’i rdo rje’i rnam thar] (Lanzhou: Kan su’u mi rigs dpe skrun khang, 1989), 508.15-508.21: dad dam tshig ldan pa’i gdul bya la // de kun kyang la lar drang srong tshul // skabs gzhan du byis pa pho mo dang // rgya’i btsun pa smug chas ’dzi pa dang // nyam thag pa’i slong mo’i tshhul gyis rgyu // bya ri dwags la sogs sems yod dang // sman me tog rtsi shing nags tshul sogs // brtan g.yo b’ai dngos po cir yang brdzu // las sgrib pa mthug pa’i log rta can // blo yid gnyis can gyi rtog ge pa // rang mthon po’i dregs pas myos rnams kyis // mngon sum du gyur kyang ngo mi shes //.
[26] Tukwan Chökyi NyimaThu’u bkwan chos kyi nyi ma, Khyapdak Dorjé Sempé Ngowo Penden Lama Dampa Yeshé Tenpé Drönmé Pelzangpö Nampar Tarpa Dotsam Jöpa Geden Tenpé DzegyenKhyab bdag rdo rje sems dpa’i ngo bo dpal ldan bla ma dam pa ye shes bstan pa’i sgron me dpal bzang po’i rnam par thar pa mdo tsam brjod pa dge ldan bstan pa’i mdzes rgyan, 505.5-506.18: phyi gnas kyi ’og gzhi dkyil ’khor kun // phyogs gzhan las rgyar phrag du mas mtho // de srid par ’khyams pa’i skye bo’i tshogs // zag med kyi thar par ’dren pa’i brda // ri rin chen mtshar sdug lhun po lnga // dgung mkha’ la bsnyegs ’dra gzi byin ’bar // de ye shes lnga yi ’phrin las kyis // mtha’ yas pa’i ’gro ba skyob pa’i brda // g.yu’i spang ljongs ne’u gsing bkra ba la // tshon sna brgyas phye ba’i me tog rgod // mngon mtho dang nges legs yon tan gyis // yid can kun spro ba bskyed pa’i brda // rkang drug ldan tshogs rnams ’jo sgeg gis // glu dar ’dir sgrogs shing ’phur lding rol // ma brtags na nyams dga’i rten ’brel la // rgyu ’bras kyi ’char sgo ngo mtshar ston // chu yan lag brgyad ldan du ma zhig/ dal ’bab cing lhung lhung sgra snyan sgrogs // byams snying rje tshad med rnam bzhi yis // ma ’gro kun skyob par byed pa’i brda // rlung bser bus bskul ba’i ljon pa’i tshogs // mdangs sngo ljang lo ’dab bskyod cing g.yob // rigs sad pa’i skal ldan skye bo rnams // lam theg pa chen por ’bod pa’i brda // ro brgya phrag mngar ba’i ’bras bu’i tshogs // smin legs pa’i lcid kyis dud cing spa // rnam grol gyi ’bras bu rmad byung ba // ting ’dzin gyi bde [506] dgas gang ba’i brda // lus spu sdug skad snyan ’dab chags tshogs // dbyangs rgyud mangs ’khrol bzhin phyogs bcur lding // chos bden pa bzhi yi blang dor rnams // don lhug par ’doms pas dbugs ’byin brda // mig dkyus ring mdzes sdug ri dwags tshogs // bag phebs bzhin ri klung kun tu rgyu // lam bde bas rdzogs byang bgrod pa la // blo dga’ bde ci yang rgyas pa’i brda // brag rin chen ba gam mtho brtsegs pa // ’od sna tshogs ’khyug pa’i mdzes sdug ’dzin // sku bzhi yi go ’phang mthon po de // mtha’ yas pa’i yon tan ngom pa’i brda // nad nyes brgya sel ba’i sman gyi tshogs // yid tshim byed dri bsung kun tu ’thul // thabs shes rab rlabs chen mdzad pa yis // srid zhi yi rgud pa sel ba’i brda // steng mkha’ la lhun sdug chu ’dzin tshogs // dbyibs bkod pa mtha’ yas cig ’char ston // mgon smra ba’i sengge’i gsang gsum gyi // ’phrul sgyu ma’i rol rtsed mtshon pa’i brda // gnas ’di na rgyal ba sras bcas kyi // rten ngo mtshar bkod pa bgrang yas pa’i // dri gtsang khang mchod rten khri phrag tshogs // dad ldan gyi bsod nams zhing du dngar // de kun kyang ya mtshan ’od zer tshogs // phan tshun du ’khyug pa’i rtse dga’ ’dzin // las dag pa’i skal ldan du ma la // nyams snang ba rmad byung brgya phrag rtsol //.
[27] In Dznyana ShrimenDznyā na shrī man, Riwo Tsengé Karchak Rapsel MelongRi bo rtse lnga’i dkar chag rab gsal me long (Xining: Mtsho sngon mi rigs dpe skrun khang, 1994), 17 (6 lines), 23 (4 lines), 100 (4 lines), 139 (115 lines), 160 (61 lines), 193 (28 lines), 208 (13 lines).
[28] In Dznyana ShrimenDznyā na shrī man, Riwo Tsengé Karchak Rapsel MelongRi bo rtse lnga’i dkar chag rab gsal me long (Xining: Mtsho sngon mi rigs dpe skrun khang, 1994), 142.4-143.12: bcu pa cir yang ’char ba’i ’od ces pa // gcig tu snang dang du mar snang ba dang // gcig dang tha dad ji ltar zung ltar snang // skad cig tsam dang yud tsam snang ba dang // yun dang skad cig du mar snang ba dang // spungs pa dang ni bkram par snang ba dang // bkram pa’i ’od kyang spungs pa ltar snang dang // ’dres pa dang ni ma ’dres rang mdog dang // ’dres pa’ang brtags nas ma ’dres snang ba dang // shin tu gsal dang cung zad mi gsal dang // ’ji ltar brtag bzhin gsal bar mkhyen pa dang // gcig la snang dang kun la snang ba dang // gcig dang kun la thun mong du’ang snang // gcig tu snang dang dus rnam du yang snang // nyin mor ’char dang mtshan mor ’char ba dang // ’phro ’du’i tshul dang ’khro ’du med pa dang // dkar po sha stag sngon po ’ba’ zhig dang // sngon dmar gnyis dang tsho la yongs rdzogs dang // gcig dang brgya dang stong dang khri la sogs // ’bum dang dung phyur bgrang yas dpag tu med // mar me tsam dang bar snang gang bar snang // gru bzhir snang dang zlum por snang ba dang // zla gam la sogs sna tshogs dbyibs su snang lha yi gzugs dang mi [143] dang mi ma yin // glang chen seng ge la sogs gzugs su snang // me tog dang ni mar me lta bu dang // spos khang la sogs rnam pa sna tshogs dang // gzhon nu ’char dang rgad por ’char ba dang // sog rgyal seng ge khri par ’char ba dang // rigs lngar ’char dang lha khang ’char ba dang // mchod rten la sogs du mar ’char ba dang // ’od kyi ’phan dang gdugs dang rgyal mtshan dang // ba dan la sogs du mar ’char ba snang // sgyu ma mkhan dang gar byed glu len dang // lha mi’i longs spyod sna tshogs ’char bar snang // gser gyi mar me dkar gsal lha me ba // gcig dang brgya stong grangs med snang yang yod // mkha’ la cang te’u rnga bo che la sogs // lha yi rol mo sna tshogs grags pa’ang yod // de lta’i rnam ’phrul ngo mtshar phul byung ba // dpag tu med mod ’dir brjod ga la nus //.
[29] Drakpa GyeltsenGrags pa rgyal mtshan, Riwo Tsengé Netö Tsangpé DrayangRi bo rtse lnga’i gnas bstod tshangs pa’i sgra dbyangs, in SungbumGsung ’bum (Labrang Monastery: Bla brang par khang, 2000), 6 volumes, 6 folios. Also in Gangjong Khewang Rimjöngyi Tsomyik Sergyi DrambuGangs ljongs mkhas dbang rim byon gyi rtsom yig gser gyi sbram bu, edited by Blo bzang chos grags and Bsod nams rtse mo (Xining: Mtsho sngon mi rigs dpe skrun khang, 1988-1989), vol. 3, 1445.
[30] See his biography: Könchok Gyepé LodröDkon mchog dgyes pa’i blo gros, Yongkyi Gewé Shenyen Chenpo Gyel Khenchen Drakpa Gyeltsenpé Zhelnga Nekyi Nampar Tarpa Norbü TrengwaYongs kyi dge ba’i bshes gnyen chen po rgyal mkhan chen grags pa rgyal mtshan pa’i zhal snga nas kyi rnam par thar pa nor bu’i ’phreng ba (Unpublished), 62 folios. Composed in 1835. See “Grags pa rgyal mtshan,” Tibetan Buddhist Resource Center, http://www.tbrc.org/#library_person_Object-P297.
[31] Tupten GyatsoThub bstan rgya mtsho, Jetsün Jampé Yangkyi Nela Töpadang Seldzepé MélongRje btsun ’jam pa’i dbyangs kyi gnas la bstod pa dwangs gsal mdzes pa’i me long, in The Collected Works of Dalai Lama XIII (New Delhi: International Academy of Indian Culture, 1981), vol. 3, 395.1-404.2.
[32] Tupten GyatsoThub bstan rgya mtsho, Jetsün Jampé Yangkyi Nela Töpadang Seldzepé MélongRje btsun ’jam pa’i dbyangs kyi gnas la bstod pa dwangs gsal mdzes pa’i me long, 396.1: mthong mthos dran dang reg pa yis // phan bde’i bsil sbyin gnas kyi mchog /.
[33] Rdo bis dge bshes shes rab rgya mtsho, Ranggi Gam Namo Ngala Tsengé Netsül Shepa Desum Sobé DütsiRang gi gam na mo lnga la rtse lnga’i gnas tshul bshad pa dad gsum gso ba’i bdud rtsi, in Jetsün Sherap Gyatso Jampel Gyepé Lodrökyi SungtsomRje btsun shes rab rgya mtsho ’jam dpal dgyes pa’i blo gros kyi gsung rtsom (Xining: Mtsho sngon mi rigs dpe skrun khang, 1984), vol. 3, 448: ’di la brten nas gzhan dang gzhan gyi yang // rna bar ’jam dpal gsang gsum gsang ba’i sgra // snyan rgur khrol bas nor ’dzin dge ba dang // byis blo rmongs pa’i rgya las grol bar smon //.
[34] Sumpa Khenpo Yeshé PeljorSum pa mkhan po ye shes dpal ’byor, Pendita Sumpa Yeshé Penjor Chokgi Chötsül Jöpa Dradzin ChülenPaṇḍita sum pa ye shes dpal ’byor mchog gi spyod tshul brjod pa sgra ’dzin bcud len (Beijing: Krung go’i bod kyi shes rig dpe skrun khang, 2001), 443.5-443.8.

Note Citation for Page

Kurtis R. Schaeffer, “Tibetan Poetry on Wutai Shan,” Journal of the International Association of Tibetan Studies, no. 6 (December 2011): , http://www.thlib.org?tid=T5719 (accessed ).

Note Citation for Whole Article

Kurtis R. Schaeffer, “Tibetan Poetry on Wutai Shan,” Journal of the International Association of Tibetan Studies, no. 6 (December 2011): 215-242, http://www.thlib.org?tid=T5719 (accessed ).

Bibliography Citation

Schaeffer, Kurtis R. “Tibetan Poetry on Wutai Shan.” Journal of the International Association of Tibetan Studies, no. 6 (December 2011): 215-242. http://www.thlib.org?tid=T5719 (accessed ).