Tibetan and Himalayan Library - THL

THL Title Text
by John Vincent Bellezza
Edited by Geoffrey Barstow, Mickey Stockwell and Michael White
Tibetan & Himalayan Library
Published under the THL Digital Text License.

I.2 Residential Structures in All Other Locations

  1. I.2a: All-stone corbelled structures
  2. I.2b: Other freestanding building types
  3. I.2c: Buildings integrating caves and escarpments in their construction
  4. I.2x: Indeterminate subtype262
Type Site number Site name English Equivalent County
I.2a B-1 Bam GöntakBa’am dgon ltag Bamba’am Upper Aspect monastery NyimaNyi ma
I.2a B-2 Gönpo NamsumMgon po rnam gsum263 Group of Three Protectors NyimaNyi ma
I.2a B-3 Göntak TakgoDgon ltag ltag mgo Upper Aspect monastery High Above NyimaNyi ma
I.2a B-4 Yungdrung DraktséG.yung drung brag rtse/Lhalung GönpaLha lung dgon pa Swastika Rock Formation Peak / Divine Valley monastery NyimaNyi ma
I.2a B-5 Lhalung Drak KarLha lung brag dkar Divine Valley White Rock NyimaNyi ma
I.2a B-6 Chuktso Drokpo GönpoPhyug tsho grog po dgon pa Wealthy District Ravine monastery NyimaNyi ma
I.2a B-7 Rakye DrakRwa skye brag264 [Goat] Horn Growth Rock Formation NyimaNyi ma
I.2a B-8 Mönlam DzongSmon lam rdzong Prayer Fortress NyimaNyi ma
I.2a B-9 Gyang DrakGyang grags Famous Walls PurangSpu rang
I.2a B-10 SerlungSer lung Yellow Valley PurangSpu rang
I.2a B-11 Podo GongmaSpos do gong ma Upper Incense Headland TsochenMtsho chen
I.2a B-12 Podo SharmaSpos do shar ma Incense Headland East TsochenMtsho chen
I.2a B-13 DodrilbuDo dril bu/Namtso KharelGnam mtsho kha ral/ Bell Headland / Celestial Lake Mouth Cleft TsochenMtsho chen
I.2a B-14 Domar KhangroRdo dmar khang ro Red Rock House Ruins TsochenMtsho chen
I.2a B-15 ZhapjéZhabs rjes (?)265 Drongpa’Brong pa
I.2a B-16 Lemar JangSle dmar byang (big peninsula) Drongpa’Brong pa
I.2a B-17 Setrap TsamkhangBse khrab mtshams khang266 bse Armor Meditation House Drongpa’Brong pa
I.2a B-18 Tamchok Khabap Bön GönpaRta mchog kha ’bab bon dgon pa Excellent Horse Fountain BönBon monastery Drongpa’Brong pa
I.2a B-19 Takrong TsamkhangStag rong mtshams khang Tiger Gorge Meditation Houses Drongpa’Brong pa
I.2a B-20 Zhapkar DruppukZhabs dkar sgrub phug Religious Attainment Cave of ZhapkarZhabs dkar267 PurangSpu rang
I.2a B-21 Menla PodrangSman bla pho brang (South) Medicine Buddha Palace PurangSpu rang
I.2a B-22 Nyenpori DzongGnyan po ri rdzong/Nyangpo Ri DzongMyang po ri rdzong Mighty Mountain Castle PurangSpu rang
I.2a B-23 Jomo RirangJo mo ri rang Mistress Mountain TsamdaRtsa mda’
I.2a B-24 Chilbu GönpaSpyil bu dgon pa Cottage monastery TsamdaRtsa mda’
I.2a B-25 Riu GönpaRi’u dgon pa Little Mountain monastery RutokRu thog
I.2a B-26 Dzuntrül PukRdzu ’phrul phug Cave of Miracles NyimaNyi ma
I.2a B-27 PukchenPhug chen Great Cave NyimaNyi ma
I.2a B-28 KyarangKya rang (?) NyimaNyi ma
I.2a B-29 TakchenStag chen Great Tiger NyimaNyi ma
I.2a B-30 Chukgu ChusumPhug dgu bcu gsum Nine Retreat Houses Thirteen Drongpa’Brong pa
I.2a B-31 ZimpukGzims phug Abode Cave Drongpa’Brong pa
I.2a B-32 Yachü DrakpukG.ya’ bcud brag phug (?) Drongpa’Brong pa
I.2a B-33 Lungtsen PukLung bstan phug Prophecy Cave PurangSpu rang
I.2a B-34 Dechö GönpaSde chos dgon pa Buddhist Division Monastery RutokRu thog
I.2a B-35 LhalungLha lung Divine Valley RutokRu thog
I.2a B-36 Gekhö KharlungGe khod mkhar lung Demon Conqueror Castle Valley RutokRu thog
I.2a B-37 Gönpé DoDgon pa’i do Island of the Monastery RutokRu thog
I.2a B-38 Taser GokMtha’ ser gog Yellow Margin Ruins RutokRu thog
I.2a, I.2b B-39 Khangpa MargokKhang pa dmar gog Ruined Red Houses TsochenMtsho chen
I.2a, I.2b B-40 Drakgam DzongBrag sgam rdzong Rock Formation Chest Fortress ShentsaShan rtsa
I.2a B-41 Menla PodrangSman bla pho brang (North) Medicine Buddha Palace PurangSpu rang
I.2a B-42 AwangA dbang PurangSpu rang
I.2a B-43 Sinpo DzongSrin po’i rdzong Fortress of the sinposrin po268 RutokRu thog
I.2a B-44 TrandraKhra ’dra RutokRu thog
I.2a B-45 Dongmar DokhangGdong dmar rdo khang Red Face Stone Houses RutokRu thog
I.2a B-46 Dzomo Lungra TrawoMdzo mo lung ra khra bo RutokRu thog
I.2a B-47 Purbu GyangmarPhur bu gyang dmar Ritual Dagger Red Walls PelgönDpal mgon
I.2a? B-48 Khangpé KyéKhang pa’i skyed PelgönDpal mgon
I.2a B-49 Zicha MönkhangZi cha mon khang (?) GegyéDge rgyas
I.2a B-50 SaraSa rā (?) RutokRu thog
I.2x B-51 DoringRdo ring269 Long-stones NyimaNyi ma
I.2x B-52 Gondö DrakkhungDgos ’dod brag khung Fulfillment Cave NyimaNyi ma
I.2x B-53 DokhargoDo mkhar sgo Castle Portal Headland ShentsaShan rtsa
I.2x B-54 BongchenBong chen270 Great Boulder NyimaNyi ma
I.2x B-55 Bam Khang TrokBa’am khang khrog Bam Ruined Houses NyimaNyi ma
I.2a B-56 Ombu Ogkhang’Om bu ’og khang Ombu’om bu Subterranean Houses NyimaNyi ma
I.2b B-57 Darchen Khang TrokDar chen khang khrog Great Flag Ruined Houses (?) NyimaNyi ma
I.2x B-58 MargyamDmar gyam (Gönpa NakrokDgon pa nag rog) Red Escarpment NyimaNyi ma
I.2x B-59 Ommo’Om mo NyimaNyi ma
I.2x B-60 SokpoSog po Sogdians / mongolians NyimaNyi ma
I.2x B-61 Dzara Kargyam MöndoRdza ra dkar gyam mon rdo Clay Pot White Cliff Shelter MönMon Stones GegyéDge rgyas
I.2x B-62 Dopo RakDo po rag Tawny Hill (?) RutokRu thog
I.2x B-63 ZazaZa za (?) RutokRu thog
I.2x B-64 Burkar’Bur dkar White Hill TsochenMtsho chen
I.2a? B-65 Sha DoSha do Deer Headland Damzhung’Dam gzhung
I.2x B-66 DoringDo ring Long Headland Damzhung’Dam gzhung
I.2x B-67 NyingdoSnying do Heart Headland Damzhung’Dam gzhung
I.2x B-68 Ganglung LhatséGangs lung lha rtse Mountain Country Divine Peak NyimaNyi ma
I.2x B-69 Lemar JangSle dmar byang (small peninsula) Drongpa’Brong pa
I.2x B-70 Samdo MarriBsam do dmar ri Meditation Headland Red Mountain Drongpa’Brong pa
I.2x B-71 KhokraKhog ra Ruins Zone RutokRu thog
I.2x B-72 Zhing KhagongZhing ka gong Upper Fields GarSgar
I.2x B-73 Chöten Khongseng ChenMchod rten khong seng can271 PurangSpu rang
I.2x B-74 TrizhungKhri gzhung Seat of the Pasture (?) NyimaNyi ma
I.2b B-75 Goktsé KhangmarGog rtse khang dmar (?) RutokRu thog
I.2x B-76 Sinmo DzongSrin mo rdzong/ Sokcham KhangSog lcam khang SinmoSrin mo Fortress / House of the SokSog Lady Drongpa’Brong pa
I.2b B-77 Manam KharMa nam mkhar (West) TsamdaRtsa mda’
I.2x B-78 Jiu Singpé KharByi’u sing pa’i mkhar Little Bird Fortress of the Singpasing pa272 PurangSpu rang
I.2b B-79 YüllungYul lung Valley Habitation RutokRu thog
I.2b B-80 Lung NgakLung ngag (?) RutokRu thog
I.2b B-81 Dechö Kelmön YülSde chos skal mon yul Buddhist Division Kel MönSkal mon273 Country RutokRu thog
I.2x B-82 Doring KhangroRdo ring khang ro Long-stones Ruined Habitations Drongpa’Brong pa
I.2b B-83 Puling YültongSpu gling yul stong Abandoned Village of PulingSpu gling TsamdaRtsa mda’
I.2x B-84 Tokmé DeuburThogs med rde’u ’bur Damzhung’Dam gzhung
I.2x B-85 Jangru DingByang ru sdings Northern Division Tableland Damzhung’Dam gzhung
I.2x B-86 KyangtangRkyang thang Onager Plain Damzhung’Dam gzhung
I.2b B-87 Bumo LhakhangBu mo lha khang/ Pönmo LhakhangDpon mo lha khang/Namré Pön LhakhangGnam ra’i dpon lha khang Woman’s Temple / Female Leader’s Temple / Leader’s Temple of the Firmament GegyéDge rgyas
I.2x B-88 Bar MönkharBar mon mkhar TsamdaRtsa mda’
I.2c B-89 Gyerru TsodoGyer ru mtsho do BönBon Community Lake Headland PelgönDpal mgon
I.2c B-90 Drak TuwochéBrag mthu bo che Great Powerful Rock Formation NyimaNyi ma
I.2c B-91 Nékün ZangGnas kun bzang All Good Holy Place NyimaNyi ma
I.2c B-92 AmnakAm nag Black Rock Formation NyimaNyi ma
I.2c B-93 GodakSgo bdag Portal Master NyimaNyi ma
I.2c B-94 Lhalung DruppukLha lung sgrub phug274 Divine Valley Religious Attainment Cave NyimaNyi ma
I.2c B-95 Dzong KarpoRdzong dkar po (DangraDang ra) White Fortress NyimaNyi ma
I.2c B-96 Mamik Drak KarMa mig brag dkar (South) GertséSger rtse
I.2c B-97 ChupukChu phug Water Cave PurangSpu rang
I.2c B-98 TakrongStag rong Tiger Gorge Drongpa’Brong pa
I.2c B-99 JadoBya do Bird Headland PelgönDpal mgon
I.2c B-100 Tongdröl DrakṂthong grol brag Liberation by Sight Rock Formation TsochenMtsho chen
I.2c B-101 Lhakhang MarchakLha khang dmar chag275 Red-Colored Temple Drongpa’Brong pa
I.2c B-102 Pranglam’Phrang lam Narrow Passageway Drongpa’Brong pa
I.2c B-103 Shawa Dong LhakhangSha ba gdong lha khang Deer Face Temple Drongpa’Brong pa
I.2c B-104 Kyi Puk Samten LingSkyid phug bsam gtan gling Happiness Cave Meditation monastery NyimaNyi ma
I.2c B-105 Takdrak KhungStag brag khung Tiger Grotto NyimaNyi ma
I.2c B-106 Lhalung Drakkar Sangwé NéLha lung brag dkar gsang ba’i gnas Divine Valley White Rock Secret Holy Place NyimaNyi ma
I.2c B-107 Dzong KarpoRdzong dkar po (GertséSger rtse) White Fortress GertséSger rtse
I.2c B-108 Drak KhorgangBrag ’khor sgang Circle Rock Hill Spur GertséSger rtse
I.2c B-109 Mamik Drak KarMa mig brag dkar (North) Mamikma mig White Rock Formation GertséSger rtse
I.2c B-110 TsaktikBtsag tig (?) GegyéDge rgyas
I.2c B-111 Chukhargyam DruppukChu mkhar gyam sgrub phug Water Castle Religious Attainment Cave RutokRu thog
I.2c B-112 Gurgyam GönpaGur gyam dgon pa Divine Tent Cliff Shelter Monastery GarSgar
I.2c B-113 ShendraShel ’dra Crystal Likeness PurangSpu rang
I.2c B-114 Bönpo PukBon po phug Bönpobon po Cave PurangSpu rang
I.2c B-115 ApukA phug [Holy Letter] A Cave PurangSpu rang
I.2c B-116 Shötram PukShod tram phug ShötramShod tram’s Cave276 NyimaNyi ma
I.2c B-117 Khyunglung YülméKhyung lung yul smad Horned Eagle Valley Lower Village TsamdaRtsa mda’
I.2c B-118 Kyidrom GönpaSkyid sgrom dgon pa Frame of Happiness Monastery (?) ShentsaShan rtsa
I.2c B-119 Garsöl DrakpukSgar gsol brag phug ShentsaShan rtsa
I.2c B-120 Gönro MardingDgon ro dmar lding/ Chakgo DrakLcags sgo brag Soaring Red Derelict Monastery / Iron Portal Formation ShentsaShan rtsa
I.2c B-121 Pangtra Dzong KarSpang bkra rdzong dkar Glistening Meadow White Fortress TsamdaRtsa mda’
I.2c B-122 Gyamchung PukpaGyam chung phug pa Small Rock Shelter Cave GarSgar
I.2x B-123 Ombu Zhang Zhung Gönpa’Om bu zhang zhung dgon pa Ombu Zhang Zhung’Om bu zhang zhung monastery NyimaNyi ma
I.2c B-124 Tara MardingRta ra dmar lding Soaring Red Horse Corral ShentsaShan rtsa
I.2a B-125 MönbuMon bu Son of the MönMon (?) TsamdaRtsa mda’
I.2c B-126 SemodoSe mo do South / SinmodoSrin mo do South / NangdoNang do South Island of the sinmosrin mo / Inner Island PelgönDpal mgon
I.2c B-127 SemodoSe mo do West /SinmodoSrin mo do West /NangdoNang do West Island of the sinmosrin mo / Inner Island PelgönDpal mgon
I.2a B-128 DotagaDo rta sga East /Tsolinggi DoMtsho gling gi doEast Horse Saddle Island / Island of the Lake Drongpa’Brong pa
I.2a B-129 DotagaDo rta sga South /Tsolinggi DoMtsho gling gi do South Horse Saddle Island / Island of the Lake Drongpa’Brong pa
I.2a B-130 DodrilbuDo dril bu Bell Island Drongpa’Brong pa
I.2a B-131 TsodoMtsho do Island Lake Drongpa’Brong pa
I.2a B-132 DoserDo ser Yellow Island PurangSpu rang
I.2a B-133 Domuk TsamkhangDo smug mtshams khang Purplish Island Meditation House PurangSpu rang
I.2x B-134 Draklung LhomaBrag lung lho ma Rock Formation Valley South ShentsaShan rtsa
I.2c B-135 DopukRdo phug Stone Cave GarSgar
1.2a B-136 Pukpa GönPhug pa dgon Cave monastery NyimaNyi ma

Notes

[262] Due to the extreme degradation of certain sites, their precise residential architectural composition could not be determined.
[263] I have recorded this name as Gopo Nam SumSgo po rnam gsum (Bellezza, Antiquities of Northern Tibet), but this is a less desirable rendering than I provide here.
[264] This site also appears to be called PukmoPhug mo (Grotto).
[265] In Bellezza, “A Preliminary Archaeological Survey of Da rog mtsho,” 56-90, I refer to this headland as dogi pukdo gi phug, information I received from a local resident pointing to the site from afar. In actuality, DokyilbukDo dkyil sbug (sic) is the name of the third and smallest island in DaroktsoDa rog mtsho.
[266] SetrapBse khrab is the name of an important Nyingmarnying ma protector deity.
[267] A Nyingmarnying ma lama of the 19th century CE.
[268] A kind of man-eating demon.
[269] As pertains to the DangraDang ra and TagoRta rgo region, Kelzang SichöSkal bzang sri chod writes: “At the place known as Khyak Dorang’Khyags rdo rang there are the ruins of an ancient castle. In the oral tradition, it is said that this was the palace of the Zhang ZhungZhang zhung king TridemKhri sdems (=DemLdems), holder of the bird horns.” (Kelsang SichöSkal bsang sri chod. “Khakgi Logyü RaktsamKhag gi lo rgyus rags tsam” in bod ljongs nag chu sa khul gyi lo rgyus rig gnas 4 (1992): 111-146: 113.). This dorangrdo rang (colloquial spelling) appears to be the one and same place as Doringrdo ring.
[270] BongchenBong chen (Large Boulder) is the correct name for what I formerly designated Pongchen’Phong chen (Great Archery) (Bellezza, Antiquities of Northern Tibet).
[271] In Bellezza, Antiquities of Upper Tibet, 78, I record the name of this site as mchod rten gong bzang can, the appellation that local inhabitants (gang riwagangs ri ba) now use. Nevertheless, Dzamling Ganggyel Tisé Karchak’Dzam gling gangs rgyal ti se’i dkar chag, by Karru Drupwang Tendzin RinchenDkar ru grub dbang bstan ’dzin rin chen (born 1801 CE), records the name of this BönBon site as Chöten Khongseng ChenMchod rten khong seng can.
[272] A generic term for Indian and other western invaders of NgariMnga’ ris.
[273] According to popular legend, an aboriginal tribe of NgariMnga’ ris.
[274] This site is comprised of what I formerly presented as Sené Gau DruppukSad ne ga’u sgrub phug (Bellezza, Antiquities of Northern Tibet).
[275] According to Mimi Church and Mariette Wiebenga (in personal communication), this site is actually Shawa Dong LhakhangSha ba gdong lha khang. They visited here on a pilgrimage and study tour in 2005. In 1998, I identified another site at DaroktsoDa rog mtsho as Shawa Dong LhakhangSha ba gdong lha khang (B-103). Further inquiry is needed to verify these identifications.
[276] Named for the imperial period (?) BönBon practitioner Mushö TramDmu shod kram.
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Note Citation for Page

John Vincent Bellezza, (Charlottesville, VA: Tibetan & Himalayan Library, 2010), .

Bibliographic Citation

John Vincent Bellezza. . Charlottesville, VA: Tibetan & Himalayan Library, 2010.