Tibetan and Himalayan Library - THL

THL Title Text
by John Vincent Bellezza
Edited by Geoffrey Barstow, Mickey Stockwell and Michael White
Tibetan & Himalayan Library
Published under the THL Digital Text License.

II.2. Superficial structures: Primarily funerary superstructure

Bumtor Chok Möndur’Bum gtor mchog mon dur

Basic site data

  • Site name: Bumtor Chok Möndur’Bum gtor mchog mon dur
  • English equivalent: Excellent Offering Sculptures Shrine MönMon Tombs (?)
  • Site number: D-107
  • Site typology: II.2b
  • Elevation: 4530 m and 4560 m
  • Administrative location (township): MamikMa mig
  • Administrative location (county): GertséSger rtse
  • Survey expedition: HTWE
  • Survey date: June 20, 2004
  • Contemporary usage: Light grazing.
  • Identifiable Buddhist constructions: None.
  • Maps: UTRS VII, HAS A3
  • View Place Dictionary Entry
  • View Sites Images

General site characteristics

Bumtor Chok Möndur’Bum gtor mchog mon dur is located just west of the small freshwater lake known as Bumtso’Bum mtsho and the most important territorial deity (yüllhayul lha) mountain of PenchéPhan che, NgadakMnga’ bdag (approximately 5600 m). The site is situated in a wide side valley in plain view of Bumtso’Bum mtsho, NgadakMnga’ bdag and the main TrachapKhra chab valley. Bumtor Chok Möndur’Bum gtor mchog mon dur consists of three widely distributed double-course and multiple-course funerary enclosures.

Oral tradition

According to local drokpa’brog pa, Bumtor Chok Möndur’Bum gtor mchog mon dur is associated with the ancient MönMon.

Site elements

Funerary Structure FS1

Funerary structure FS1 (4.8 m by 2.7 m) is situated near the base of a distinctive hill with a squarish rock summit, on level, gravelly terrain. FS1 is not aligned in the cardinal directions. It has unusually designed perimeter walls composed of small pieces of white limestone and a brown sedimentary rock (8 cm to 15 cm long), which were set in the ground edgewise. The perimeter walls are of the multiple-course variety and still exhibit quite a bit of structural coherence. Most of the stones in the perimeter walls are even with the ground surface, while some project above it as much as 10 cm. The two shorter walls of the enclosure appear to consist of four parallel rows of stones, while the two long sides have as many as seven rows of parallel stones. The central portions of the two long walls bulge out.

Funerary structures FS2 and FS3 are situated under twin rocky mounts. These two enclosures are mostly built of light-colored limestone.

Funerary Structure FS2

Funerary structure FS2 (5.4 m by 5.4 m) is a partly intact quadrate enclosure whose perimeter walls are composed of larger uncut stones (up to 90 cm long). Virtually no coherent wall fragments are left. The remaining in situ stones are even with the ground surface or project above it to a maximum height of 25 cm.

Funerary Structure FS3

Funerary structure FS3 (3.2 m by 3.6 m) is a double-course quadrate enclosure aligned in the cardinal directions. Most of the stones in the outer courses of the perimeter walls have disappeared, while the inner courses are largely intact. Variable-length (20 cm to 75 cm long) stones were used to construct the enclosure walls. These stones are even with the ground surface or project above it to a maximum height of 20 cm.

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Note Citation for Page

John Vincent Bellezza, (Charlottesville, VA: Tibetan & Himalayan Library, 2010), .

Bibliographic Citation

John Vincent Bellezza. . Charlottesville, VA: Tibetan & Himalayan Library, 2010.