Tibetan and Himalayan Library - THL

THL Title Text
by John Vincent Bellezza
Edited by Geoffrey Barstow, Mickey Stockwell and Michael White
Tibetan & Himalayan Library
Published under the THL Digital Text License.

II.2. Superficial structures: Primarily funerary superstructure

Trandra MöndurKhra ’dra mon dur

Basic site data

  • Site name: Trandra MöndurKhra ’dra mon dur
  • Site number: D-95
  • Site typology: II.2a
  • Elevation: 4530 m to 4540 m
  • Administrative location (township): RecoRe co
  • Administrative location (county): RutokRu thog
  • Survey expedition: HTAE
  • Survey date: October 4, 2003
  • Contemporary usage: Light grazing.
  • Identifiable Buddhist constructions: None.
  • Maps: UTRS I, HAS A1
  • View Place Dictionary Entry
  • View Sites Images

General site characteristics

Trandra MöndurKhra ’dra mon dur is located in an eponymous valley, the left tributary of the RamaRa ma valley. The site is situated on the left side of the valley not far upstream from where it joins with the right fork of the RamaRa ma valley. Trandra MöndurKhra ’dra mon dur is one of three funerary sites in the RamaRa ma valley (see D-94 and D-96). On a sandy bench, there are four funerary enclosures of two or three different constructions. They were built of uncut variable-length pieces of a blue-gray rock and a harder speckled gray rock.

Oral tradition

In RecoRe co, structures such as those found at TrandraKhra ’dra are generally attributed to the ancient MönMon.

Site elements

Funerary Structure FS1

Funerary structure FS1 (2.2 m by 3 m) appears to have had a superstructure consisting of high upright slab outer walls inside of which is stone paving. FS1 constitutes a distinctively designed funerary structure. Its surface is completely covered in stones embedded in the ground. The upright stones of the single-course rectangular perimeter walls project as much as 30 cm to 40 cm above the ground surface. The four walls of FS1 are generally aligned in the cardinal directions. The entire structure is elevated around 50 cm above the surrounding terrain. A cairn was recently raised on one corner of FS1.

Funerary Structure FS2

Funerary structure FS2 (3.6 m by 2.6 m) is situated 2.3 m down valley of FS1. The single-course perimeter walls are in poor condition. The enclosure is aligned in the cardinal directions, and is elevated about 80 cm above the surrounding terrain. Embedded stones completely cover the area within the perimeter walls. FS2 is likely to be of the same design as FS1.

Funerary Structure FS3

Funerary structure FS3 (3.6 m by 3.4 m) is situated further down valley near the foot of a rocky spur. This structure is in very poor condition.

Funerary Structure FS4

Funerary structure FS4 (14 m by 6.5 m) is situated 6.5 m north of FS3. This enclosure is not aligned in the cardinal directions and is level with the ground surface. It is divided into three east-west cells. The west cell has been partly destroyed. The central and east cells are largely intact but do not have coherent walls. Approximately 100 m farther down valley are other enclosures of uncertain typology. These merge with the terraces of defunct agricultural fields.


Note Citation for Page

John Vincent Bellezza, (Charlottesville, VA: Tibetan & Himalayan Library, 2010), .

Bibliographic Citation

John Vincent Bellezza. . Charlottesville, VA: Tibetan & Himalayan Library, 2010.