Tibetan and Himalayan Library - THL

THL Title Text
by John Vincent Bellezza
Edited by Geoffrey Barstow, Mickey Stockwell and Michael White
Tibetan & Himalayan Library
Published under the THL Digital Text License.

II.2. Superficial structures: Primarily funerary superstructure

GönroDgon ro

Basic site data

  • Site name: GönroDgon ro
  • English equivalent: Ruined Monastery
  • Site number: D-75
  • Site typology: II.2e
  • Elevation: 4600 m to 4690 m
  • Administrative location (township): BartaBar tha
  • Administrative location (county): NakchuNag chu
  • Survey expedition: HTCE
  • Survey date: September 15 and September 16, 2002
  • Contemporary usage: Light grazing and rudimentary shepherd shelters.
  • Identifiable Buddhist constructions: A few manima ṇi plaques.
  • Maps: UTRS IX
  • View Place Dictionary Entry
  • View Sites Images

General site characteristics

GönroDgon ro is a very large funerary site located in the NamarchéNa mar che region of BartaBar tha. It is in view of Neri TsongönGnas ri mtsho sngon/Namarché TsoNa mar che mtsho. The placement of far eastern JangtangByang thang funerary sites like GönroDgon ro in sight of a lake is probably related to the sacred and mythic regenerative qualities of such bodies of water. GönroDgon ro is found on turf-carpeted terrain with an east and southeast aspect, on slopes with a 10° to 20° gradient. The site consists of terraced funerary structures spread out over a large area. In general, the 278 structures documented at this site tend to be smaller and less elaborately constructed than their counterparts at the neighboring site of KarkhukDkar khug (D-74). The lower forward flank elevations of the GönroDgon ro terraced funerary structures can in part be explained by the gentler slope gradients of the site. Nevertheless, given the differences in construction, it seems likely that the more accessible KarkhukDkar khug site represents a higher social status and/or different period funerary complex than GönroDgon ro. In any event, the location of these two large funerary sites in BartaBar tha underscores the importance of this region in ancient times (probably early historic period or vestigial period). This significance may be related to relatively high population densities or perhaps to major military campaigns that took place in BartaBar tha.

Neither the small (6 m² to 30 m²) nor the large (30² m to 90² m) terraced funerary structures of GönroDgon ro exhibit walls with a set design or arrangement (with rare exception); rather, the stones making up the outer walls (primarily 60 cm to 80 cm thick) appear to have been laid randomly. Tan and gray stones (metamorphic?), primarily 10 cm to 40 cm in length, were used in the construction of these structures. The terraced funerary structures are rectangular, sub-rectangular and ovoid in form. Many specimens that have nearly equal transverse and axial dimensions are ovoid in form. In specimens with two longer sides, these usually run perpendicular to the axis of the slope. The forward flanks of many specimens range from flush with the slope to a height of 50 cm. There are also forward flanks, 50 cm to 1 m or more in height, especially among the larger specimens. The rear side of the structures tends to be flush with the uphill slope, but there are also some rear walls raised 20 cm to 1 m above the slope, especially in the largest specimens. Many of the structures are covered in a dense carpet of turf and are devoid of structural elements set inside the outer walls. There is no evidence that GönroDgon ro has been disturbed in recent times. It is reported that a small manima ṇi wall is found on the summit above the site. It is also reported that a new sky burial site has been established some distance north of GönroDgon ro. This seems to suggest that the funerary identity of GönroDgon ro is dimly acknowledged by local residents. There are south and north sectors in GönroDgon ro.

Oral tradition

According to local sources, GönroDgon ro represent the remains of a Buddhist monastery.

Site elements

South sector

The funerary structures of the south sector have the following dimensions, locations and salient features:

  1. Funerary structure FS1 (3.5 m by 3.5 m) is the lowest elevation funerary structure at GönroDgon ro (31° 36.137΄ N. lat. / 91° 27.476΄ E. long.).
  2. Funerary structure FS2 (5.6 m by 4 m) (36.135΄ / 27.466΄).
  3. Funerary structure FS3 (2.8 m by 2.8 m) (36.137΄ / 27.456΄).
  4. Funerary structure FS4 (2.4 m by 2.4 m) (36.136΄ / 27.446΄).
  5. Funerary structure FS5 is highly fragmentary (36.141΄ / 27.447΄).
  6. Funerary structure FS6 (3.6 m by 3.3 m) (36.145΄ / 27.456΄).
  7. Funerary structure FS7 (2.8 m by 2.7 m) (36.141΄ / 27.463΄).
  8. Funerary structure FS8 (8.2 m by 4 m) (36.142΄ / 27.470΄).
  9. Funerary structure FS9 (4.4 m by 3.4 m) (36.148΄ / 27.470΄).
  10. Funerary structure FS10 is highly fragmentary (36.150΄ / 27.479΄).
  11. Funerary structure FS11 is a smaller specimen (36.153΄ / 27.481΄).
  12. Funerary structure FS12 (6.4 m by 4.3 m) (36.158΄ / 27.487΄).
  13. Funerary structure FS13 (4 m by 3 m) (36.162΄ / 27.490΄).
  14. Funerary structure FS14 (3.3 m by 2.6 m) (36.171΄ / 27.487΄).
  15. Funerary structure FS15 (5.4 m by 3 m) (36.167΄ / 27.479΄).
  16. Funerary structure FS16 (3.6 m by 2.9 m) (36.162΄ / 27.478΄).
  17. Funerary structure FS17 (5.6 m by 4 m) (36.157΄ / 27.475΄).
  18. Funerary structure FS18 (4.3 m by 4.1 m) (36.164΄ / 27.472΄).
  19. Funerary structure FS19 (3.6 m by 4 m) (36.157΄ / 27.458΄).
  20. Funerary structure FS20 (5.5 long) (36.155΄ / 27.455΄).
  21. Funerary structure FS21 (4.9 m by 3.7 m) (36.161΄ / 27.455΄).
  22. Funerary structure FS22 is highly fragmentary (36.162΄ / 27.448΄).
  23. Funerary structure FS23 is highly fragmentary (36.166΄ / 27.456΄).
  24. Funerary structure FS24 (6 m by 3.4 m) (36.178΄ / 27.464΄).
  25. Funerary structure FS25 (4 m by 4.3 m) (36.178΄ / 27.456΄).
  26. Funerary structure FS26 (6.9 m by 4.6 m) (36.175΄ / 27.453΄).
  27. Funerary structure FS27 is highly fragmentary (36.175΄ / 27.446΄).
  28. Funerary structure FS28 (7.1 m by 3.8 m) (36.168΄ / 27.427΄).
  29. Funerary structure FS29 (7.5. m by 3.8 m) (36.164΄ / 27.421΄).
  30. Funerary structure FS30 is highly fragmentary (36.175΄ / 27.414΄).
  31. Funerary structure FS31 (5.3 m by 4.8 m) (36.184΄ / 27.420΄).
  32. Funerary structure FS32 (5.5 m by 4.2 m) (36.186΄ / 27.413΄).
  33. Funerary structure FS33 (6.5 m by 4.3 m) (36.189΄ / 27.418΄).
  34. Funerary structure FS34 is a smaller specimen (36.183΄ / 27.428΄).
  35. Funerary structure FS35 (4.2 m by 5.4 m) (36.183΄ / 27.432΄).
  36. Funerary structure FS36 (5.7 m by 4.6 m) (36.189΄ / 27.433΄).
  37. Funerary structure FS37 (5.1 m by 4.4 m) (36.199΄ / 27.445΄).
  38. Funerary structure FS38 is highly fragmentary (36.204΄ / 27.449΄).
  39. Funerary structure FS39 (4.7 m by 3.2 m) (36.199΄ / 27.455΄).
  40. Funerary structure FS40 (5.4 m by 4 m) (36.192΄ / 27.456΄).
  41. Funerary structure FS41 is a smaller specimen (36.193΄ / 27.461΄).
  42. Funerary structure FS42 is highly fragmentary (36.184΄ / 27.459΄).
  43. Funerary structure FS43 (4 m by 2.8 m) (36.189΄ / 27.469΄).
  44. Funerary structure FS44 (4.8 m by 3.5 m) (36.192΄ / 27.468΄).
  45. Funerary structure FS45 is highly fragmentary (36.195΄ / 27.471΄).
  46. Funerary structure FS46 is a smaller specimen (36.198΄ / 27.470΄).
  47. Funerary structure FS47 (5.3 m by 4 m) (36.198΄ / 27.428΄).
  48. Funerary structure FS48 (4.3 m by 4.3 m) (36.205΄ / 27.426΄).
  49. Funerary structure FS49 (5.6 m by 4 m) (36.135΄ / 27.466΄).
  50. Funerary structure FS50 is highly fragmentary (36.276΄ / 27.420΄).
  51. Funerary structure FS51 (5.3 m by 3.5 m) (36.201΄ / 27.416΄).
  52. Funerary structure FS52 (5.6 m by 4 m) (36.202΄ / 27.410΄).
  53. Funerary structure FS53 (3.2 m by 3 m) (36.199΄ / 27.408΄).
  54. Funerary structure FS54 (5 m by 4.8 m) (36.199΄ / 27.403΄).
  55. Funerary structure FS55 is highly fragmentary (36.207΄ / 27.404΄).
  56. Funerary structure FS56 (4 m by 3.8 m) (36.205΄ / 27.399΄).
  57. Funerary structure FS57 (3.5 m by 3.5 m) (36.203΄ / 27.396΄).
  58. Funerary structure FS58 (6.6 m by 5 m) (36.207΄ / 27.380΄).
  59. Funerary structure FS59 (3.6 m by 3.2 m) (36.214΄ / 27.375΄).
  60. Funerary structure FS60 (5.2 m by 3.8 m) (36.200΄ / 27.374΄).
  61. Funerary structure FS61 (9.2 m by 3.3 m) (36.195΄ / 27.371΄).
  62. Funerary structure FS62 (3.8 m by 4 m) (36.210΄ / 27.360΄).
  63. Funerary structure FS63 (5 m by 3.6 m) (36.202΄ / 27.359΄).
  64. Funerary structure FS64 is highly fragmentary (36.197΄ / 27.360΄).
  65. Funerary structure FS65 is highly fragmentary (36.192΄ / 27.364΄).
  66. Funerary structure FS66 is a larger specimen (36.195΄ / 27.352΄).
  67. Funerary structure FS67 (4.7 m by 4.2 m) (36.193΄ / 27.345΄).
  68. Funerary structure FS68 (5.6 m by 4 m) (36.135΄ / 27.466΄).
  69. Funerary structure FS69 (6.7 m by 4.7 m) (36.179΄ / 27.350΄).
  70. Funerary structure FS70 (5.3 m by 3.5 m) (36.186΄ / 27.344΄).
  71. Funerary structure FS71 is a smaller specimen (36.179΄ / 27.329΄).
  72. Funerary structure FS72 (8 m by 5.3 m) (36.074΄ / 27.264΄).
  73. Funerary structure FS73 (7.4 m by 5.2 m) (36.069΄ / 27.258΄).
  74. Funerary structure FS74 (6 m by 5.6 m) (36.062΄ / 27.252΄).
  75. Funerary structure FS75 (6.9 m by 5.6 m) (36.081΄ / 27.247΄).
  76. Funerary structure FS76 (6.4 m by 6.4 m) (36.078΄ / 27.222΄).
  77. Funerary structure FS77 (5.4 m by 4.8 m) (36.076΄ / 27.212΄).
  78. Funerary structure FS78 is a smaller specimen (36.079΄ / 27.205΄).
  79. Funerary structure FS79 (4.6 m by 4 m) (36.073΄ / 27.203΄).
  80. Funerary structure FS80 (5.8 m by 4.7 m) (36.074΄ / 27.196΄).
  81. Funerary structure FS81 (7.6 m by 6.4 m) (36.091΄ / 27.192΄).
  82. Funerary structure FS82 (5 m by 5 m) (36.072΄ / 27.157΄).
  83. Funerary structure FS83 (3.5 m by 5.5 m) (36.069΄ / 27.154΄).
  84. Funerary structure FS84 (4.5 m by 4.5 m) (36.063΄ / 27.155΄).
  85. Funerary structure FS85 (3.8 m by 3.5 m) (36.052΄ / 27.154΄).
  86. Funerary structure FS86 is highly fragmentary (36.052΄ / 27.150΄).
  87. Funerary structure FS87 (6.6 m by 4.5 m) (36.064΄ / 27.147΄).
  88. Funerary structure FS88 (6 m by 3.8 m) (36.064΄ / 27.142΄).
  89. Funerary structure FS89 (5 m by 6 m) (36.064΄ / 27.136΄). Thanks to the burrowing of picas, a segment of the forward subsurface wall is visible. It is two vertical courses in height.
  90. Funerary structure FS90 is a smaller specimen (36.071΄ / 27.143΄).
  91. Funerary structure FS91 is a smaller specimen (36.075΄ / 27.144΄).
  92. Funerary structure FS92 (9 m by 3 m) (36.071΄ / 27.118΄).
  93. Funerary structure FS93 (3.3 m by 6 m) (36.069΄ / 27.111΄).
  94. Funerary structure FS94 (6.7 m by 4.5 m) (36.068΄ / 27.104΄).
  95. Funerary structure FS95 (5.5 m by 3.8 m) (36.070΄ / 27.096΄).
  96. Funerary structure FS96 (5 m by 3.2 m) (36.070΄ / 27.090΄).
  97. Funerary structure FS97 (6.4 m by 4 m) (36.071΄ / 27.079΄). This is the highest specimen in the south sector.
  98. Funerary structure FS98 (5 m by 3.5 m) (36.076΄ / 27.085΄).
  99. Funerary structure FS99 is highly fragmentary (36.091΄ / 27.115΄).
  100. Funerary structure FS100 (5.8 m by 3 m) (36.090΄ / 27.138΄).
  101. Funerary structure FS101 (8.2 m by 4.1 m) (36.093΄ / 27.143΄).
  102. Funerary structure FS102 (7 m by 5 m) (36.104΄ / 27.152΄).
  103. Funerary structure FS103 (7 m by 5.2 m) (36.135΄ / 27.466΄). There are a few plaques inscribed with the manima ṇi mantra sitting on this structure.
  104. Funerary structure FS104 (5 m by 3.5 m) (36.117΄ / 27.171΄).
  105. Funerary structure FS105 is a smaller specimen (36.119΄ / 27.175΄).
  106. Funerary structure FS106 (5.2 m by 3.3 m) (36.119΄ / 27.183΄).
  107. Funerary structure FS107 is a smaller specimen (36.114΄ / 27.182΄).
  108. Funerary structure FS108 (3.5 m by 3.5 m) (36.113΄ / 27.186΄).
  109. Funerary structure FS109 (3 m by 3 m) (36.115΄ / 27.190΄).
  110. Funerary structure FS110 (6 m by 3.3 m) (36.116΄ / 27.193΄).
  111. Funerary structure FS111 is a larger specimen (36.119΄ / 27.198΄).
  112. Funerary structure FS112 is a smaller specimen (36.123΄ / 27.211΄).
  113. Funerary structure FS113 is a smaller specimen (36.138΄ / 27.220΄).
  114. Funerary structure FS114 is a smaller specimen (36.136΄ / 27.198΄).
  115. Funerary structure FS115 (6 m by 4 m) (36.124΄ / 27.193΄).
  116. Funerary structure FS116 (4.7 m by 4 m) (36.133΄ / 27.187΄).
  117. Funerary structure FS117 is a larger specimen (36.131΄ / 27.186΄).
  118. Funerary structure FS118 is a highly fragmentary specimen (36.144΄ / 27.188΄).
  119. Funerary structure FS119 (6.6 m by 4.2 m) (36.183΄ / 27.219΄).
  120. Funerary structure FS120 (4.7 m by 2.5 m) (36.180΄ / 27.214΄).
  121. Funerary structure FS121 is a smaller specimen (36.177΄ / 27.208΄).
  122. Funerary structure FS122 (4.7 m by 3.4 m) (36.171΄ / 27.211΄).
  123. Funerary structure FS123 (6.8 m by 5.2 m) (36.167΄ / 27.203΄). On its west side of FS123 there is a double-course wall segment (55 cm thick).
  124. Funerary structure FS124 (5.9 long) (36.157΄ / 27.181΄).
  125. Funerary structure FS125 (5.5 m by 3.5 m) (36.152΄ / 27.176΄).
  126. Funerary structure FS126 is a smaller specimen (36.151΄ / 27.172΄).
  127. Funerary structure FS127 (4.5 m by 3.5 m) (36.141΄ / 27.159΄).
  128. Funerary structure FS128 is a smaller specimen (36.142΄ / 27.155΄).
  129. Funerary structure FS129 is a smaller specimen (36.139΄ / 27.154΄).
  130. Funerary structure FS130 (4 m long) (36.151΄ / 27.116΄).
  131. Funerary structure FS131 (3.4 m by 3.4 m) (36.156΄ / 27.122΄).
  132. Funerary structure FS132 (5 m by 5.8 m) (36.161΄ / 27.129΄).
  133. Funerary structure FS133 (7.4 m by 3.6 m) (36.204΄ / 27.144΄). FS133 occupies a high point in the south sector.
  134. Funerary structure FS134 is a smaller specimen (36.209΄ / 27.149΄).
  135. Funerary structure FS135 is a smaller specimen (36.209΄ / 27.155΄).
  136. Funerary structure FS136 (7.2 m by 4 m) (36.215΄ / 27.160΄).
  137. Funerary structure FS137 (8.7 m by 5.4 m) (36.310΄ / 27.178΄).
  138. Funerary structure FS138 (6 m by 4.3 m) (36.307΄ / 27.466΄).
  139. Funerary structure FS139 is a smaller specimen (36.309΄ / 27.188΄).
  140. Funerary structure FS140 (5.7 m by 5 m) (36.306΄ / 27.192΄).
  141. Funerary structure FS141 (4.7 m by 5.5 m) (36.301΄ / 27.193΄).
  142. Funerary structure FS142 (7 m by 5 m) (36.296΄ / 27.193΄).
  143. Funerary structure FS143 is a smaller specimen (36.290΄ / 27.191΄).
  144. Funerary structure FS144 (6.4 m by 4 m) (36.284΄ / 27.186΄).
  145. Funerary structure FS145 is a smaller specimen (36.281΄ / 27.183΄).
  146. Funerary structure FS146 (7 m by 4.2 m) (36.290΄ / 27.202΄).
  147. Funerary structure FS147 (6.8 m by 5.2 m) (36.296΄ / 27.204΄).
  148. Funerary structure FS148 (5.2 m by 4.3 m) (36.300΄ / 27.208΄).
  149. Funerary structure FS149 (8 m by 5.2 m) (36.206΄ / 27.207΄).
  150. Funerary structure FS150 (6.5 m by 4.8 m) (36.312΄ / 27.304΄).
  151. Funerary structure FS151 is a smaller specimen (36.298΄ / 27.226΄).
  152. Funerary structure FS152 (7.2 m by 5.2 m) (36.291΄ / 27.226΄).
  153. Funerary structure FS153 is a smaller specimen (36.286΄ / 27.224΄).
  154. Funerary structure FS154 (6.7 m by 3.5 m) (36.285΄ / 27.228΄).
  155. Funerary structure FS155 (6 m by 4 m) (36.278΄ / 27.233΄).
  156. Funerary structure FS156 (3.5 m by 3.5 m) (36.274΄ / 27.230΄).
  157. Funerary structure FS157 is a smaller specimen (36.258΄ / 27.225΄).
  158. Funerary structure FS158 (5.7 m by 4.2 m) (36.237΄ / 27.222΄).
  159. Funerary structure FS159 is a larger specimen (36.227΄ / 27.215΄).
  160. Funerary structure FS160 is a smaller specimen (36.219΄ / 27.219΄).
  161. Funerary structure FS161 is a smaller specimen (36.227΄ / 27.231΄).
  162. Funerary structure FS162 (3.2 m by 3.2 m) (36.235΄ / 27.231΄).
  163. Funerary structure FS163 (3.5 m by 3.3 m) (36.237΄ / 27.232΄).
  164. Funerary structure FS164 is a smaller specimen (36.240΄ / 27.233΄).
  165. Funerary structure FS165 is a smaller specimen (36.247΄ / 27.234΄).
  166. Funerary structure FS166 (3.5 m by 3.6 m) (36.231΄ / 27.263΄).
  167. Funerary structure FS167 is a smaller specimen (36.203΄ / 27.248΄).
  168. Funerary structure FS168 (4.6 m long) (36.211΄ / 27.275΄).
  169. Funerary structure FS169 (5 m by 4.2 m) (36.193΄ / 27.277΄).
  170. Funerary structure FS170 (6.2 m by 3.6 m) (36.210΄ / 27.294΄).
  171. Funerary structure FS171 (3 m by 3 m) (36.205΄ / 27.293΄).
  172. Funerary structure FS172 (5 m by 3.7 m) (36.172΄ / 27.253΄).
  173. Funerary structure FS173 is a smaller specimen (36.169΄ / 27.252΄).
  174. Funerary structure FS174 (5.6 m by 4.3 m) (36.159΄ / 27.271΄).
  175. Funerary structure FS175 (3.2 m) (36.155΄ / 27.268΄).
  176. Funerary structure FS176 is a smaller specimen (36.149΄ / 27.263΄).
  177. Funerary structure FS177 is a smaller specimen (36.141΄ / 27.269΄).
  178. Funerary structure FS178 (7.4 m by 4.8 m) (36.143΄ / 27.275΄).
  179. Funerary structure FS179 (6.2 m by 3.6 m) (36.150΄ / 27.271΄).
  180. Funerary structure FS180 (4 m by 2.4 m) (36.154΄ / 27.282΄).
North sector
  1. Funerary structure FS181 (3 m by 3 m) (36.305΄ / 27.463΄). This is the lowest specimen in the north sector.
  2. Funerary structure FS182 (5 m by 3 m) (36.312΄ / 27.463΄).
  3. Funerary structure FS183 (3 m by 3.6 m) (36.319΄ / 27.464΄).
  4. Funerary structure FS184 (3.7 m long) (36.324΄ / 27.463΄).
  5. Funerary structure FS185 is a smaller specimen (36.327΄ / 27.466΄).
  6. Funerary structure FS186 (2.7 m by 2.7 m) (36.328΄ / 27.462΄).
  7. Funerary structure FS187 (3 m by 3 m) (36.334΄ / 27.458΄).
  8. Funerary structure FS188 (3.3 m by 3.3 m) (36.343΄ / 27.458΄).
  9. Funerary structure FS189 (2.5 m by 2.5 m) (36.347΄ / 27.458΄).
  10. Funerary structure FS190 (5.4 m by 3.6 m) (36.135΄ / 27.466΄).
  11. Funerary structure FS191 (3.6 m by 3.8 m) (36.349΄ / 27.444΄).
  12. Funerary structure FS192 (2.9 m by 2.9 m) (36.339΄ / 27.441΄).
  13. Funerary structure FS193 is a small specimen (36.228΄ / 27.445΄).
  14. Funerary structure FS194 (3 m by 2.4 m) (36.325΄ / 27.443΄).
  15. Funerary structure FS195 (3.6 m by 3 m) (36.325΄ / 27.449΄).
  16. Funerary structure FS196 (2.4 m by 3 m) (36.329΄ / 27.450΄).
  17. Funerary structure FS197 (3.4 m by 3.8 m) (36.330΄ / 27.458΄).
  18. Funerary structure FS198 is a smaller specimen (36.327΄ / 27.457΄).
  19. Funerary structure FS199 is a smaller specimen (36.322΄ / 27.458΄).
  20. Funerary structure FS200 (5.5 m by 4.3 m) (36.319΄ / 27.455΄).
  21. Funerary structure FS201 (3.8 m by 3.8 m) (36.313΄ / 27.457΄).
  22. Funerary structure FS202 (5.4 m by 3.5 m) (36.313΄ / 27.447΄).
  23. Funerary structure FS203 (4.8 m by 2.8 m) (36.308΄ / 27.446΄).
  24. Funerary structure FS204 (4.3 m by 3 m) (36.304΄ / 27.444΄).
  25. Funerary structure FS205 is a smaller specimen (36.308΄ / 27.441΄).
  26. Funerary structure FS206 (5.6 m by 4 m) (36.310΄ / 27.434΄).
  27. Funerary structure FS207 (3.5. m by 3.5 m) (36.316΄ / 27.435΄).
  28. Funerary structure FS208 (4.5 m by 2.8 m) (36.318΄ / 27.439΄).
  29. Funerary structure FS209 (8.7 m by 3.6 m) (36.295΄ / 27.404΄). FS209 is divided into two cells by a wall that runs parallel to the axis of the slope.
  30. Funerary structure FS210 is a smaller specimen (36.314΄ / 27.406΄).
  31. Funerary structure FS211 (5 m by 4.8 m) (36.320΄ / 27.407΄).
  32. Funerary structure FS212 (5 m by 3.4 m) (36.329΄ / 27.411΄).
  33. Funerary structure FS213 (5.4 m by 3.9 m) (36.340΄ / 27.404΄).
  34. Funerary structure FS214 is a smaller specimen (36.247΄ / 27.401΄).
  35. Funerary structure FS215 (7 m by 4.6 m) (36.351΄ / 27.401΄).
  36. Funerary structure FS216 (3.6 m by 2.8 m) (36.349΄ / 27.396΄).
  37. Funerary structure FS217 (5.3 m by 3.6 m) (36.350΄ / 27.387΄).
  38. Funerary structure FS218 (3.4 m by 3 m) (36.357΄ / 27.394΄).
  39. Funerary structure FS219 (5 m long) (36.371΄ / 27.387΄).
  40. Funerary structure FS220 (5 m by 4.2 m) (36.270΄ / 27.377΄).
  41. Funerary structure FS221 (5.8 m by 4.4 m) (36.381΄ / 27.371΄).
  42. Funerary structure FS222 (5 m by 4.5 m) (36.382΄ / 27.376΄).
  43. Funerary structure FS223 (4.3 m by 4.3 m) (36.387΄ / 27.371΄).
  44. Funerary structure FS224 is a smaller specimen (36.381΄ / 27.362΄).
  45. Funerary structure FS225 (5.3 m by 4 m) (36.391΄ / 27.354΄).
  46. Funerary structure FS226 (4 m by 3.4 m) (36.397΄ / 27.363΄).
  47. Funerary structure FS227 is a smaller specimen (36.402΄ / 27.362΄).
  48. Funerary structure FS228 is a smaller specimen (36.411΄ / 27.349΄).
  49. Funerary structure FS229 (3.5 m by 3.5 m) (36.415΄ / 27.349΄).
  50. Funerary structure FS230 (5.4 m by 4 m) (36.422΄ / 27.347΄).
  51. Funerary structure FS231 (6 m by 4.5 m) (36.428΄ / 27.338΄).
  52. Funerary structure FS232 is a smaller specimen (36.433΄ / 27.335΄).
  53. Funerary structure FS233 (5.8 m by 3.8 m) (36.440΄ / 27.288΄).
  54. Funerary structure FS234 (3.8 m by 3.9 m) (36.436΄ / 27.286΄).
  55. Funerary structure FS235 (3.2 m by 3 m) (36.434΄ / 27.284΄).
  56. Funerary structure FS236 is a smaller specimen (36.431΄ / 27.282΄).
  57. Funerary structure FS237 (5 m by 5 m) (36.430΄ / 27.276΄).
  58. Funerary structure FS238 (4 m by 4.6 m) (36.427΄ / 27.275΄).
  59. Funerary structure FS239 (5 m by 4 m) (36.422΄ / 27.274΄).
  60. Funerary structure FS240 is a smaller specimen (36.418΄ / 27.272΄).
  61. Funerary structure FS241 is a smaller specimen (36.418΄ / 27.268΄).
  62. Funerary structure FS242 is a larger specimen (36.447΄ / 27.278΄).
  63. Funerary structure FS243 (5.8 m by 4.5 m) (36.450΄ / 27.284΄).
  64. Funerary structure FS244 (2.9 m by 2.6 m) (36.466΄ / 27.283΄).
  65. Funerary structure FS245 (6 m by 4 m) (36.473΄ / 27.280΄).
  66. Funerary structure FS246 (5.6 m by 4.6 m) (36.478΄ / 27.272΄).
  67. Funerary structure FS247 (2.8 m by 2.8 m) (36.482΄ / 27.267΄). FS247 is the most northerly specimen at GönroDgon ro.
  68. Funerary structure FS248 (6 m by 4 m) (36.458΄ / 27.269΄). A small shepherd’s shelter (droklhé’brog lhas) has been constructed on top of FS248.
  69. Funerary structure FS249 (6 m by 4.8 m) (36.456΄ / 27.259΄).
  70. Funerary structure FS250 (4.8 m long) (36.452΄ / 27.260΄).
  71. Funerary structure FS251 (5.8 m by 5 m) (36.447΄ / 27.241΄). Three vertical courses of masonry lie exposed in the forward wall of this specimen.
  72. Funerary structure FS252 (3 m by 3 m) (36.433΄ / 27.196΄). FS252 has a slight concavity in the top portion of the structure caused either by subsidence or looting carried out long ago.
  73. Funerary structures FS253, FS254 and FS255 are situated at the highest point of GönroDgon ro.
  74. Funerary structure FS253 (7 m by 5.3 m) (36.412΄ / 27.157΄). FS253 has a slight concavity in the top portion of the structure caused either by subsidence or looting carried out long ago.
  75. Funerary structure FS254 (7 m by 5.3 m) (36.408΄ / 27.157΄).
  76. Funerary structure FS255 (8 m by 5.7 m) (36.400΄ / 27.158΄).
  77. Funerary structure FS256 is a small specimen (36.371΄ / 27.252΄).
  78. Funerary structure FS257 (10.8 m by 8 m) (36.375΄ / 27.263΄). The rear/upslope wall of this specimen is elevated about 1 m, and the forward flank is elevated about 1.7 m above the downhill slope. As a result, FS257 has the appearance of a bangsobang so.
  79. Funerary structure FS258 (9.4 m by 8 m) (36.382΄ / 27.261΄).
  80. Funerary structure FS259 (8.6 m by 8 m) (36.386΄ / 27.292΄). The uphill side of FS258 is elevated about 80 cm and the downhill side about 1.5 m.
  81. Funerary structure FS260 (10.5 m by 8.5 m) (36.135΄ / 27.466΄). FS260 is elevated about 30 cm on the uphill side.
  82. Funerary structure FS261 is a larger specimen (36.358΄ / 27.282΄).
  83. Funerary structure FS262 (10.4 m by 8 m) (36.327΄ / 27.307΄). FS262 is somewhat elevated on its uphill flank. On top of this structure there is a concavity with a small shepherd’s shelter.
  84. Funerary structure FS263 (8.5 m by 6 m) (36.343΄ / 27.320΄).
  85. Funerary structure FS264 (4.2 m by 3.3 m) (36.306΄ / 27.343΄).
  86. Funerary structure FS265 (5 m by 3.5 m) (36.317΄ / 27.379΄).
  87. Funerary structure FS266 is a smaller specimen (36.223΄ / 27.351΄).
  88. Funerary structure FS267 is a smaller specimen (36.325΄ / 27.358΄).
  89. Funerary structure FS268 (4.6 m by 4.3 m) (36.331΄ / 27.362΄).
  90. Funerary structure FS269 (7.4 m by 4.6 m) (36.330΄ / 27.371΄).
  91. Funerary structure FS270 (5.8 m by 4 m) (36.325΄ / 27.366΄).
  92. Funerary structure FS271 (5.4 m by 4 m) (36.320΄ / 27.364΄).
  93. Funerary structure FS272 (2.6 m by 2.4 m) (36.320΄ / 27.358΄).
  94. Funerary structure FS273 (2.8 m by 2.8 m) (36.316΄ / 27.362΄).
  95. Funerary structure FS274 (5 m by 3.5 m) (36.311΄ / 27.358΄).
  96. Funerary structure FS275 (3.6 m by 3.6 m) (36.312΄ / 27.371΄).
  97. Funerary structure FS276 (6 m by 4 m) (36.307΄ / 27.374΄).
  98. Funerary structure FS277 (3.8 m by 3.6 m) (36.312΄ / 27.377΄).
  99. Funerary structure FS278 (3 m by 3 m) (36.316΄ / 27.380΄).
/bellezza2/b2-2-35/

Note Citation for Page

John Vincent Bellezza, (Charlottesville, VA: Tibetan & Himalayan Library, 2010), .

Bibliographic Citation

John Vincent Bellezza. . Charlottesville, VA: Tibetan & Himalayan Library, 2010.