Tibetan and Himalayan Library - THL

THL Title Text
by John Vincent Bellezza
Edited by Geoffrey Barstow, Mickey Stockwell and Michael White
Tibetan & Himalayan Library
Published under the THL Digital Text License.

II.1. Stelae and accompanying structures: Funerary and non-funerary structures

Tsari Lung MöndurTshwa ri lung mon dur

Basic site data

  • Site name: Tsari Lung MöndurTshwa ri lung mon dur
  • English equivalent: Salt Mountain Valley MönMon Tomb
  • Site number: C-153
  • Site typology: II.1c
  • Elevation: 4490 m
  • Administrative location (township): TsakhaTshwa kha
  • Administrative location (county): GegyéDge rgyas
  • Survey expedition: UTAE
  • Survey date: May 22, 2001
  • Contemporary usage: Light grazing.
  • Identifiable Buddhist constructions: None.
  • Maps: UTRS II, HAS A2
  • View Place Dictionary Entry
  • View Sites Images

General site characteristics

Tsari Lung MöndurTshwa ri lung mon dur is located on the southern edge of the Tsatsa KhaTshwa tshwa kha basin. It is named for Tsari LungTshwa ri lung, a rocky ridge just west of the archaeological site. The terrain is open, level and sandy, with long views to the east. Tsari Lung MöndurTshwa ri lung mon dur is a particularly small example of an array of stones appended to a temple-tomb typology. It was constructed of a grayish, grained igneous (?) rock.

Oral tradition

According to drokpa’brog pa of this region (GegyéDge rgyas), Tsari Lung MöndurTshwa ri lung mon dur was an ancient MönMon grave site.

Site elements

Appended edifice

The appended structure provisionally measures 3 m by 4 m. This structure, a well developed temple-tomb in larger examples of the typology, has been reduced to near oblivion. Not one coherent wall fragment has survived. Many of the stones used in its construction are 50 cm to 60 cm in length.

Pillar array

In the array there are only 11 north-south oriented rows of stones that cover an area of 4 m (east-west) by 2.8 m (north-south). There are an unequal number of stones in each of the rows totaling 110. Most of the miniature pillars extend merely 10 cm to 20 cm above the ground surface. The tallest among them is 40 cm. In the most northerly row there are several tabular specimens, otherwise, the standing stones are pointed and have an irregular form. The rows of pillars are spaced 35 cm to 45 cm apart from one another. Each stone in a row is typically spaced 15 cm to 20 cm from the next one. Some of the southern rows appear to be missing stones in the east portion of the array (these rows are shortened). Despite this upwards of 70 percent of all standing stones erected at the site seem to still be in situ. It is possible, however, that the array was originally more extensive than the in situ evidence now indicates.


Note Citation for Page

John Vincent Bellezza, (Charlottesville, VA: Tibetan & Himalayan Library, 2010), .

Bibliographic Citation

John Vincent Bellezza. . Charlottesville, VA: Tibetan & Himalayan Library, 2010.