Tibetan and Himalayan Library - THL

THL Title Text
by John Vincent Bellezza
Edited by Geoffrey Barstow, Mickey Stockwell and Michael White
Tibetan & Himalayan Library
Published under the THL Digital Text License.

II.1. Stelae and accompanying structures: Funerary and non-funerary structures

Jori DoringJo ri rdo ring

Basic site data

  • Site name: Jori DoringJo ri rdo ring
  • English equivalent: Master Mountain Long-stones
  • Site number: C-173
  • Site typology: II.1b
  • Elevation: 4610 m
  • Administrative location (township): HorpaHor pa
  • Administrative location (county): Drongpa’Brong pa
  • Survey expedition: TILE
  • Survey date: March 5, 2006
  • Contemporary usage: Light grazing.
  • Identifiable Buddhist constructions: None.
  • Maps: UTRS XI, HAS C5
  • View Place Dictionary Entry
  • View Sites Images

General site characteristics

Jori DoringJo ri rdo ring is located near the west foot of the sacred mountain JoriJo ri (approximately 5200 m elevation). The site overlooks a vast plain to the east. There are also long views in the north and south (in the direction of the Great Central Himalaya). Jori DoringJo ri rdo ring is found on a broad grassy and sandy slope, which gives way to steeper slopes in the west. It consists of three main pillars standing inside an enclosure.

Oral tradition

According to a local folktale, the mountain god JoriJo ri (a tsenBtsan spirit) tied his dog to the pillars of Jori DoringJo ri rdo ring.

Site elements


The enclosure is roughly aligned in the cardinal directions, and measures 8 m (east-west) by 5.7 m (north-south). Only small fragments of the walls of the enclosure have endured. The enclosure is so degraded that the composition of its walls is no longer discernable, but they are most likely to have been double-course. A grayish and brownish metamorphic (?) rock of variable length (20 cm to 70 cm long) was used to construct the enclosure. In order to maintain a level interior, the east wall of the enclosure is elevated about 50 cm above the downhill slope. There is a well-centered opening (75 cm wide) in the east wall, which is demarcated by two large stones that are set perpendicular to the wall course. These threshold stones are 80 cm long with a maximum projection of 40 cm from the ground surface and 50 cm long with a 20 cm projection. There is virtually nothing left of the west wall. It appears to have been laid within 1 m of the pillars. There is also very little remaining of the south and north walls of the enclosure. Many smaller stones (5 cm to 15 cm long) are scattered about the interior of the enclosure. These stones must have been an integral part of the structure at one time.


There are three pillars inside the enclosure, the middle one being the tallest among them. These pillars are grayish to brownish in color and are heavily worn and darkened. The pillars have the following dimensions and characteristics:

South pillar: a metamorphic rock of four uneven sides, (70 cm [height] by 1.1 m [basal girth]). Just north of the south pillar there is a small broken pillar (20 cm by 70 cm).

Central pillar: a sedimentary tabular rock whose broad sides are oriented north and south, (1.6 m by 1.3 m). The central pillar is situated 1.4 m north of the south pillar.

North pillar: a gray crystalline irregularly shaped rock (80 cm by 1.6 m). The north pillar is situated 80 cm north of the central pillar.

Affiliated sites

Jori TsenkhangJo ri btsan khang

Higher up the west flanks of JoriJo ri there is a ruined Buddhist monastic facility known as Jori TsenkhangJo ri btsan khang (30° 04.6΄ N. lat. / 83° 05.7΄ E. long. / 4870 m). This Nyingmarnying ma institution was destroyed in the Chinese Cultural Revolution. It has never been rebuilt, despite there being no other monastic centers in HorpaHor pa. This smaller monastic complex was built just below a line of red crags. The core of the site is the Jori TsenkhangJo ri btsan khang cave, which is located behind what was the main building of the site (contained a chapel, lama’s residence and kitchen). It is reported that a stone pillar used to stand inside this cave. JoriJo ri is also an important BönBon holy site. It is the abode of the BönBon protective deity MakpönDmag dpon.


Note Citation for Page

John Vincent Bellezza, (Charlottesville, VA: Tibetan & Himalayan Library, 2010), .

Bibliographic Citation

John Vincent Bellezza. . Charlottesville, VA: Tibetan & Himalayan Library, 2010.