Tibetan and Himalayan Library - THL

THL Title Text
Antiquities of Zhang Zhung
by John Vincent Bellezza
Edited by Geoffrey Barstow, Mickey Stockwell and Michael White
Tibetan & Himalayan Library
Published under the THL Digital Text License.

I.2. Residential Structures in Other Locations: Religious and Elite Residences

Tokmé DeuburThogs med rde’u ’bur

Basic site data

  • Site name: Tokmé DeuburThogs med rde’u ’bur
  • English equivalent: All Pervading Hill
  • Site number: B-84
  • Site typology: I.2x
  • Elevation: 4320 m
  • Administrative location (township): Damzhung’Dam gzhung
  • Administrative location (county): Damzhung’Dam gzhung
  • Survey expedition: HTWE
  • Survey date: May 6, 2004
  • Contemporary usage: None.
  • Identifiable Buddhist constructions: None.
  • Maps: UTRS IX
  • View Place Dictionary Entry
  • View Site Images

General site characteristics

Tokmé DeuburThogs med rde’u ’bur is situated in the mouth of the TrechuKhre chu valley on the northern edge of the Dam’Dam basin. It consists of an undulating rocky zone (47 m by 48 m). The identity and relative chronology of the site is unclear. It would appear to have once been a significant area of habitation. The stones of what seem to have been one contiguous complex are embedded in the ground across the site. This contrasts with adjoining areas which are free from stones. There appears to have been outer walls at Tokmé DeuburThogs med rde’u ’bur that are roughly aligned in the cardinal directions. A small contemporary irrigation ditch cuts through the west side of the site. It is flanked by small fields, some of which are being cultivated. The barley and peas grown here are used as animal fodder.

Oral tradition

According to local elders, Tokmé DeuburThogs med rde’u ’bur was the site of an ancient monastery (gönpadgon pa) called Tokmé LhadrangThogs med bla brang. The morphological characteristics of the site, however, do not appear to be those of a monastery.

Site elements

A good portion of the level west sector (elevated 1 m to 1.5 m above the surrounding terrain) of Tokmé LhadrangThogs med bla brang is turf covered and free of stones. Near the upper end of the west side of Tokmé DeuburThogs med rde’u ’bur informal excavations up to 1 m in depth have been carried out. They reveal a stone-filled interior but no coherent structures. Much of the rest of the site consists of small rocky mounds. In the east there are several small foundations (?), now nothing more than depressions ringed with stones. Along the upper eastern fringe of the site (slightly elevated above the outlying terrain) there is a partly coherent footing 4 m in length aligned north-south. Impacted structural traces on the upper/north edge of the site reach 2 m in height. The south/lower wall of Tokmé DeuburThogs med rde’u ’bur is elevated 1 m to 1.5 m above the lower slope.


Note Citation for Page

John Vincent Bellezza, Antiquities of Zhang Zhung: A Comprehensive Inventory of Pre-Buddhist Archaeological Monuments on the Tibetan Upland (Charlottesville, VA: Tibetan & Himalayan Library, 2010), .

Bibliographic Citation

John Vincent Bellezza. Antiquities of Zhang Zhung: A Comprehensive Inventory of Pre-Buddhist Archaeological Monuments on the Tibetan Upland. Charlottesville, VA: Tibetan & Himalayan Library, 2010.